Education reform at the Faculty of Law at CU – oldest and most modern Faculty in Slovakia
A major law education reform was launched in 2017/2018 academic year at the Faculty of Law at Comenius University making its study programmes unique both in Slovakia as well as in the Czech Republic.
This reform is built upon the following pilars:
1. Bachelor degree study programme in law offering a complex set of courses covering all areas of Slovak law
2. Master's degree study programme in law focusing on EU law and international law, comparative law and clinical legal education
3. Master's degree study programme in English
4. Master's degree study programme in law and economics comprised of law courses, courses on national economy and interdisciplinary courses representing the actual interconnection between these two study fields
New bachelor degree study programme
A graduate of this study programme completes courses covering all fundamental legal disciplines of domestic law which provide an important theoretical base. He/she masters the EU law and understands its impact on and interconnection with the national law. He/she is capable of analytical thinking and able to solve practical problems at a very decent level.
In terms of his/her professional practice, he/she could: (i) undertake preparatory tasks in the judiciary, (ii) work as a specialist in public administration, corporations, legal management and in non-governmental sector. The graduate is able to draft legislation, issue decisions within public administration and resolve private non-contentious relationships between natural and artificial persons including entrepreneurs.
The graduate of this study programme is able to think analytically and synthetically in all areas of national law constituting the legal system having acquired profound and permanent theoretical, philosophical and ethical basis and the basic command of foreign language legal terminology. Elective courses and compulsory elective courses may help him/her specialise in individual legal disciplines. Furthermore, courses within clinical legal education can help him/her to get a more practical perspective.
The aim of compulsory courses is to enable students to acquire theoretical knowledge of law and to become familiar with all areas of the Slovak law and to learn how to apply them to practice. These courses can be taken already by the first graders.
- Introduction to the Study of Law and Legal Informatics
- Slovak Legal History – Propaedeutics
- Theory of Law 1
- Theory of Law 2
- Political Science
- Legal and Political Philosophy
- Roman Law 1
- Roman Law 2
- Civil Substantive Law 1
- Basics of Economics for Lawyers
- Civil Substantive Law 2
- Administrative Substantive Law
- Constitutional Law
- Basics of EU Law and International Law
- Economics in Corporations and Accounting
- Financial Law 1
- Civil Substantive Law 3
- Civil Procedural Law 1
- Civil Procedural Law 2
- Family Law
- Commercial Law 1
- Commercial Law 2
- Economy Law
- Labour Law 1
- Labour Law 2
- Social Security Law
- Administrative Procedural Law
- Financial Law 2
- Financial Market Law
- Enforceability of Law in Relationships Arising within Private Law
- Labour Law 3
- Environmental Law
- Administrative Justice
- Criminal Substantive Law 1 and Basics of Criminology and Criminalistics
- Criminal Procedural Law 1
- Criminal Substantive Law 2
- Criminal Procedural Law 2
- Skills and Abilities of Legal Practitioners
- Intellectual Property Law
Compulsory elective courses
The cornerstone of the structure of compulsory elective courses lies in courses on legal terminology in foreign languages (introduction to legal terminology, stylistics of specialist legal texts and translation of legal texts). Students can choose from among English, German and French courses.
The foreign language skills acquired by students are an indispensable comparative advantage of our graduates enabling them to take courses taught in foreign languages and to enrol in a study programme taught entirely in a foreign language.
Apart from the foregoing courses, students can also take any of the following compulsory elective courses specialising in administrative law: cultural and social administration, medical law, governing and political administration, economic administration, land law, construction law.
Elective courses enable students to adapt their study to their interests and preferences. Apart from various law courses, students can also take physical education courses.
New Master's degree study programme
The reformed bachelor degree study programme is followed by the new Master's degree study programme in law.
A student enrolled in the Master's degree study programme in law extends his or her knowledge in all law disciplines acquired during the bachelor degree study programme. He or she is able to use the said knowledge in an interdisciplinary context and further acquires practical skills in the application of law. In addition, he or she uses the said knowledge in the EU law and international law context.
Graduates are capable of working individually on more complex tasks in the area of public administration or in private practice. They are able to practice law in various areas (judiciary, prosecutor's office, attorneys-at-law, notaries public, etc.). Graduates are able to solve legal issues in a comprehensive way from the national law perspective as well as in the context of EU law and international law. Besides the knowledge gained in the area of EU law and international law, graduates have good knowledge of legal history, legal theory, fundamental human rights and freedoms and are able to find interdisciplinary connections and be active participants in the legislative process. Furthermore, they are able to solve on their own any ethical dilemmas faced by them in the course of their practice. Graduates are able to analyse methodically any programme and procedural problems faced by legal practice and master the processes and skills necessary in the course of providing legal counselling. They should thus be able to work in national and supranational corporations or national and international governmental and non-governmental organisations. The vast use of clinical legal education concept (namely moot courts, internships, courses focusing on solving pending legal cases, courses focusing on complex solving of simulated legal cases) reflects the long-term calls by legal practitioners to develop law students' analytical and synthetical thinking.
The structure of compulsory courses reflects three key areas of the Master's degree study programme:
1. practical interdisciplinary skills – courses focusing on the application of law in practice and interdisciplinary connections:
- Legal Argumentation and Legal Interpretation
- Applied Administrative Law and Social Security Law
- Applied Civil and Labour Law
- Protection of Fundamental Rights
- Information and Communication Technology Law
- Applied Commercial Law, Financial Law and Private International Law
- Applied Criminal Law, Financial Law and Economic Law
- Legislation in Theory and Practice
2. historical and comparative context and law from philosophical perspective:
- Development of Constitutional and Administrative Law in Slovakia
- Development of Private and Criminal Law in Slovakia
- Legal Ethics
- Legal Philosophy
- Logical Semantics and Methodological Propaedeutics for Lawyers
3. international law and EU law:
- Public International Law 1
- Private International Law 1
- EU LAW 2 (Internal Market Law)
- Public International Law 2
- Private International Law 2
Compulsory elective courses
Compulsory elective courses expand the structure of compulsory courses by courses focusing on historical, comparative and philosophical-ethical context:
- Ecclesiastical Law in Slovakia
- Canon Law
- Confession Law
- History of Public Law
- History of Private Law
- Public Comparative Law
- Private Comparative Law
- Legal Systems around the World
Elective courses enable students to refine the profile of their courses on the basis of their preferences. Elective courses focus on five areas which may be combined and interconnected: (i) transaction and economic law, (ii) protection of individuals and weaker parties law, (iii) administrative and organisation law in the global world, (iv) criminal law and forensic disciplines, (v) legal history and comparative law.
Clinical legal education and moot courts makes up an important part of the Master's degree study programme. Our Faculty has opened in partnership with the Slovak Bar Association the Students Legal Counselling Centre which is an important part of the education system.
"Economics and Law" study programme
A joint Master's degree study programme entitled "Economics and Law" is a new study programme offered in the Slovak Republic. Our Faculty has opened it in partnership with the Faculty of National Economy at the University of Economics in Bratislava. It focuses on the preparation of experts having a considerable expertise. Graduates of this study programme obtain a higher education (Master's degree) in national economy and law. They acquire knowledge both in economics as well as law. Having completed this study programme, graduates should be successful to pursue their careers in various areas of national economy, national and supranational corporations or national and international governmental and non-governmental organisations. Furthermore, they are able to practice law as any legal practitioner (including the regulated legal professions).
The structure of compulsory courses reflects the character of the given study programme and emphasizes the economic context of law and legal context of economics. These courses are taught by the teachers from our Faculty, Faculty of National Economy and many courses are taught in cooperation and interaction of teachers from both faculties.
- Macroeconomics 2
- Civil Procedural Law
- Legal regulation of Internal Market (EU Law 1)
- Tax law and Politics
- Economic Analysis of Tax Law
- Microeconomics 2
- Civil Procedural Law 2
- International Economics and Law
- Competition Law (EU Law 2)
- Industrial Economics
- International Commercial Law
- Criminal Law
- Labour Market Economy and Labour Law
- White Collar Crimes
- Evidence-taking (Law of Evidence-taking)
- Ethics, Corruption and Transparency
Compulsory elective courses
Compulsory elective courses enable students to specialise in particular areas of law. They can thus focus on public regulation, corporate governance and taxation or be experts in international sphere.
- Financial Law (Public Finances + Financial Audit)
- Energy Law
- Social Security in Theory and Practice
- Economic Policy II.
- Environmental Economics
- Public Choice Theory
- Public Procurement
- Law of International Organisations
- Public Economics and Administration
- International Taxation
- Financial Audit
- Financial Market Law
- IP Law
- Regulation and Supervision of Banks
- Islamic Law and Finances
- Financial Instruments and Innovations
- EU Environmental Law
- International Contract Law
- Tax and Customs Proceedings
- Regional Policy of the European Union
- Special Seminar
Students may choose any elective courses offered either by our Faculty or by the University of Economics.