Faculty of LawComenius University Bratislava

Important Grants and Projects

Participation in scientific and research projects supported and funded by grants is of great importance for the Faculty of Law of the CU in Bratislava in terms of the development of its scientific, research and even pedagogical activities.

More information about grants and projects are to be found under following sections:

SLOVAK AGENCY FOR SCIENCE AND RESEARCH

The Faculty takes part in other grant projects supported by the Agency for Science and Research within the General Call, namely the following ones:

 

1. Historical Development of Private Law Terminology in Slovakia in the Context of Recodification of Slovak Civil Law, APVV-18-0417

Responsible solver: prof. JUDr. Marek Števček, PhD.

Research Department: 50501 - Theory of State History and Law 

Implementation: 2019-2023

One of the greatest challenges for the Slovak law of this age presents the recodification of private law and the creation of a new Civil Code. In every civil law (alter. continental law) jurisdiction the Civil Code is one of the fundamental normative sources that significantly influences the overall legal nature of the jurisdiction. The challenge faced by the Commission for Recodification of Private Law under the chairmanship of Professor JUDr. Marek Števček, PhD. who is also the principal investigator of this project, is therefore not trivial and taking into account the general stability of codified law its outcome will influence the character of law in Slovakia for years to come. One of the principal challenges is the question of terminology that is to be used in the new Civil Code. Bearing in mind that one of the ambitions of the recodification is to adopt a legal terminology in Slovakia that would be compatible with the wider civil-law legal culture, the return to the traditional terminology of private law is at least partially unavoidable. The project, which will be the first project of its kind in Slovakia, aims to create terminological source material that could be used for recodification. In the course of project emphasis will not only be placed on the development of the legal and lawyerly language in the past but taking into account the anticipated legislative changes in substantive civil law the project investigators will also comparatively analyse the development in jurisdictions most closely related to Slovakia. The main outcome of the project will be (disregarding the numerous planned studies and monographs) the Lexicon of History of Slovak Private Law Terminology that will be directly usable for the needs of recodification.

 

2. The efficiency of pre-trial proceedings - research, evaluation, criteria and influence of legislative changes, APVV-19-0102

Responsible solver: prof. JUDr. Jozef Čentéš, PhD.

Research Department: 50506 - Criminal Law 

Implementation: 2020-2024

The issue of effectiveness of law, respectively. its individual subsystems, which also include criminal law, and in particular in relation to the procedural sectors of these subsystems, are very broad and are of interest not only to legal theory and practice, to the professional public, but also to the general public. Efficiency is all the more important in relation to criminal law, because it is this sector of law that has the most significant impact on fundamental human rights and freedoms. Several researches have shown that the effectiveness and speed of prosecution is a much better preventive measure than a constant increase in punishment rates. The offender is more discouraged from committing criminal offenses by knowing that he will be penalized for his actions as a severity of a particular sanction. It can be stated that measuring the effectiveness of criminal proceedings is important. To date, no research project has been carried out within the Slovak Republic to assess legislative changes in relation to the effectiveness of criminal proceedings.

  

3. Effective land consolidation, APVV-19-0494

Responsible solver: prof. JUDr. Marián Vrabko, CSc.

Research Department: 50503 - Administrative Law 

Implementation: 2020-2024

The project focuses on solving the issue of land consolidations (hereinafter referred to as "LC"), which represent an important tool in the rational and spatial arrangement of land ownership and are a comprehensive tool for environmental management and the territorial system of ecological stability. The requirement to carry out the LC in the Slovak Republic arises mainly from the need to deal with the consequences of violent collectivization from 1948 to 1989. The purpose is to eliminate the extreme fragmentation of land, strengthen the position of landowners, approach the functional arrangement of land in connection with adaptation measures for negative effects of climate change. In relation to this, in 2019 the Government of the Slovak Republic committed itself to the implementation of the LC in the time horizon of the next 30 years. In order to fulfill this commitment, the current legal framework regulating the LC will need to be reformed in order to run as effectively as possible. The aim of the research team is to identify legal instruments that will help to streamline the process of LC, which lasts almost seven years per cadastral territory. LC is a complex process involving several branches of law, which needs to be rationalized so that the LC can run within the agreed timeframe. The project is planned for three phases. The first phase is focused on the analysis of the current situation and the acquisition of starting data from the legal, economic, but also social aspects of the issue. This is primarily at national level, but international and European legislation will also be examined. The aim of the second phase is to identify and theoretically define solutions and procedures based on the acquired knowledge, which will contribute to streamlining the proceedings on LC. The third phase is focused on synthesizing knowledge about the current state (first phase) and theoretical proposals (second phase). The result will be a comprehensive proposal de lege ferend.

  

4. The New Legislation of Administrative Punishment, APVV-20-0436

Responsible solver: doc. JUDr. Matej Horvat, PhD.

Research Department: 50503 - Administrative Law 

Implementation: 2021-2025

The subject matter of the proposed research project is the preparation of a legislative proposal on a new legal framework of administrative punishment, which will be able to respond the requirements set by international documents, as well as to the current needs of national application practice. The project is divided into four phases. In the first phase, we will assess the various types of administrative offenses in order to define the base for the new legislation. In the second phase, we will set the basic criteria of the new legislation. Within this phase, it will be resolved whether the new legislation will be in one law or in several laws with regard to individual types of administrative offenses. In the third - main - phase, we will create the draft of the new legislation itself. In the fourth final phase, we will present a new comprehensive legislative proposal. In all phases, we plan to publish partial outputs in close cooperation with the Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic and subject them to strict review. We will use mainly scientific conferences and formal and informal meetings with the professionals in the field.

  

5. Legal and technical aspects of autonomous vehicles introduction, APVV-20-0346

Responsible solver: Dr. h. c. prof. JUDr. Lucia Kurilovská, PhD.

Research Department: 50599 - Other disciplines related to legal sciences

Implementation: 2021-2023

The project focuses on regulatory challenges considering the development and use of autonomous vehicles in practice. The current legislation still provides an inappropriate legal framework for the use of modern autonomous transport elements and significantly hampers the innovations in question. The above regulatory challenges concern, in particular, the areas of administrative law, criminal law, and information technology law in the context of personal data protection and cybersecurity. From a technical point of view, it is necessary to assess the specific possibilities of technologies in the context of proposals for a regulatory framework. The research team, consisting of experts in the above areas of law and technical areas, aims to analyze the current legal situation, identify shortcomings in legislation and application and formulate its legislative proposals that would strengthen the readiness of the Slovak law to test and introduce autonomous vehicles into practice. The unique output of the project will be a comprehensive analysis of the current legal situation regarding possible legislative solutions to the legislation, which will be provided to the subscriber of the outcome and subsequently published.

 

6. Analysis of the Conceptual and Qualitative Domains of Aesthetic and Moral Emotion, APVV-19-0166

Responsible solver: prof. Mgr. Mgr. Andrej Démuth, PhD.

Research Department: 60299 - Other disciplines related to philological sciences 

Implementation: 2020-2024

The project aims to carry out an analysis of aesthetic and moral emotions, compare them and consider the potential for a cognitive explanation of both types of emotions. The main objective of the project is to develop and clarify the concept of aesthetic and moral emotions and to test the hypothesis that aesthetic and moral emotions are, in their essence, the somatic bearers of information that can be analyzed cognitively, enabling a more thorough analysis and identification of the fundamental personal, cultural, evolutionary and historical determinants of both subjective and inter-subjective experience. The implementation of the project will help to create a platform for a broader interdisciplinary scientific and expert discussion on the hermeneutic and cognitive aspects of aesthetic and moral emotions and on the substantiation of cognitive science and philosophical research on emotionality. The project is focused on supporting the integration of the scientific and philosophical approaches used in the examination of aesthetic and moral experience, of some of their specific types, as well as (through the previously mentioned selected types of experience) on a more complex framework of systematic and interdisciplinary research into the subjective and inter-subjective experience.

7. Financing of local self-governments - potential of functional microregions, APVV-22-0482

Responsible solver: doc. JUDr. Ing. Matej Kačaljak, PhD.

Research Department: 050504 - Business and financial law

Implementation: 2023-2025

After nearly 20 years since the decentralization of public administration, there is a growing call for its evaluation and systematic adjustment of some of its problematic aspects. The Ministry of Finance, the government, the Supreme Audit Office, as well as associations of local governments, signal the need to redefine the distribution of competencies among various levels of public administration, including a reevaluation of the transfer of specific state administration competencies to local self-government units. The municipalization of certain settlements, especially cities and adjacent municipalities, brings the potential for significant cost savings through economies of scale and an overall increase in the efficiency of services provided to residents. Furthermore, technological advancements have made the concept of proximity in service availability less relevant. Additionally, the era of the climate crisis and advanced globalization requires public administration to strengthen its strategic and planned approach to addressing issues that often transcend the administrative boundaries of municipalities. Therefore, the concept of functional urban regions is gaining traction in literature and practice worldwide, as the root causes of these problems largely lie in daily flows between settlements and the fragmentation of territorial management. The aforementioned fragmentation exacerbates the underdeveloped model of local self-government financing, which consistently leads to practical complications and political tensions. The presented applied research project aims to propose a sustainable financing model for local self-government units, building on the concept of municipalization as an emerging trend.

Cooperating projects: 

1.   Waste and Buildings - Modelling Efficiency of Alternative Opportunities for Public Authorities Cooperation, APVV-20-0076 - together with the Faculty of European Studies and Regional Development of the SUA in Nitra.

Responsible solver UK: JUDr. Matúš Michalovič, PhD.

Research Department: 50604 - Public administration

Implementation: 2021-2024

In Slovakia, the management of municipal waste and small construction waste, which is generated in the municipality, the municipality is responsible according to the Act No. 369/1990 Coll. as amended. However, in the waste management, the county authorities also exercise their competencies. As for competencies in the building sector, each municipality is in accordance with the Act No. 50/1976 Coll. on Spatial Planning and Building Regulations (Building Act) as amended, a building authority, while the activity of the Building Authority is a delegated/ transferred performance of state administration. The proposed procedure for public administration functioning in the Slovak Republic in the waste and construction sector, is to model effective cooperation between administrative bodies of state administration (county offices) and self-government (municipalities). The proposed procedures for the project will be implemented based on data on individual municipalities' performance in the field of waste and building regulations. More effective cooperation between the state administration and local government in waste management competencies will be modeled. In the construction sector, we will model the performance of these competencies provided by county authorities (CO Model). We will perform modeling on data from municipalities and county offices of the Nitra and Košice regions. In the waste sector, we model more effective cooperation between state administration and self-government. In the case of building competencies, which according to the Program Statement of the Government of the Slovak Republic for 2020-2024, are to be transferred from municipal building offices (Model S) to county offices (CO Model), we assume that the CO Model will be more effective than the current model based on municipalities, e.g. performance of construction/ building competencies by joint building authorities.

  

GRANTS OF MINISTRY OF EDUCATION OF THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC

The Faculty of Law CU also participates in scientific and research projects of the Scientific Grant Agency of Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of SR and Slovak Academy of Sciences (VEGA) and projects targeted at applied research in the area of education system and creative culture of the Cultural and Educational Grant Agency of Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of SR (KEGA). Currently, the Faculty participates in the following projects:

VEGA
 

1. The crisis of confidence and its Roman canonical solutions

Responsible solver: prof. JUDr. Mgr. Vojtech Vladár, PhD.

Implementation: 2022-2024

 

2. Cognitive aspects of social and moral emotions

Responsible solver: prof. Mgr. et Mgr. Andrej Démuth, PhD.

Implementation: 2022-2025

 

3. The rule of law as a value protected in the European supranational area

Responsible solver: prof. JUDr. Ján Svák, DrSc.

Implementation: 2022-2024

 

4. Restructuring as a preventive tool to address the threat of bankruptcy

Responsible solver: doc. JUDr. Jana Duračinská, PhD.

Implementation: 2022-2023

 

5. Trans-Identity of Juveniles, Ethical and Legal Aspects related to Informed Consent

Responsible solver: prof. Mgr. Ľubomír Batka, Dr. theol.

Implementation: 2021-2023

 

6. Effective System of Free Legal Aid in Civil Matters

Responsible solver: JUDr. Mária Havelková, PhD.

Implementation: 2021-2023

 

7. Fundamental reform of succession law – necessity or irrelevance?

Responsible solver: prof. JUDr. Svetlana Ficová, PhD.

Implementation: 2021-2023

 

8. Searching and finding of the law according to the Varadin register

Responsible solver: prof. Mgr. Miroslav Lysý, PhD.

Implementation: 2020-2023

 

9. Financial innovations as a determinant of current and anticipated regulation on the financial market (challenges and risks)

Responsible solver: prof. JUDr. Ľubomír Čunderlík, PhD.

Implementation: 2023-2025

 

10. Legal and ethical aspects of disciplinary liability in the rule of law

Responsible solver: prof. JUDr. Mgr. Martina Gajdošová, PhD.

Implementation: 2023-2026

 

11. International legal protection of environmental rights – quo vadis?

Responsible solver: doc. Mgr. Liudmyla Golovko, PhD.

Implementation: 2023-2026

 

12. Compensation for damage in economic competition and public procurement - limits and challenges of effective enforcement of the European Union law

Responsible solver: doc. JUDr. Ing. Ondrej Blažo, PhD.

Implementation: 2023-2025

 

RECOVERY AND RESILENCE PLAN

The Faculty of Law of the CU in Bratislava participates on the following grant projects funded by the EU NextGenerationEU through the Recovery and Resilience Plan of the Slovak Republic:

 

1. Scholarships for Excellent Researchers Threatened by the Military Conflict in Ukraine
Name of the researcher: doc. Mgr. Liudmyla Golovko, PhD.
Funded by the EU NextGenerationEU through the Recovery and Resilience Plan for Slovakia under the project No. 09I03-03-V01-00122
Implementation: 04/2022 – 03/2025

2. Scholarships for Excellent Researchers Threatened by the Military Conflict in Ukraine
Name of the researcher: prof. Mgr. Yuliia Vashchenko, PhD.
Funded by the EU NextGenerationEU through the Recovery and Resilience Plan for Slovakia under the project No. 09I03-03-V01-00150
Implementation: 04/2022 – 03/2025

 

 

Other projects from the Recovery and Resilience Plan, in which the Faculty participates as a partner, are in the evaluation process.

 

 

INTERNATIONAL GRANTS

The Faculty of Law at Comenius University in Bratislava is a successful applicant and partner of several international grants, among which are the calls for proposals financed by the European Union such as Erasmus+ Jean Monnet Activities, Citizens, Equality, Rights and Values

Jean Monnet Activities

Within the Jean Monnet Activities framework program, 2 grant tasks are currently being solved:

• Rule of Law in the European Union (in cooperration with the Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences at Coomenius University in Bratislava)

• European Union and the Challenges of Modern Society (in cooperation with a consortium led by Palacký University Olomouc, Czech Republic)

Citizens. Equality, Right and Values (CERV)

 A project under the name Activation of young Generation in the times of climate policy backlash in Central Europe is currently underway in the CERV grant program.

Activities Connected with International Grant Acquisition

The Faculty of Law at Comenius University in Bratislava, together with relevant partners, monitors the calls for proposals published by the European Commission for projects and programs e.g. Horizon Europe, Justice, Internal Security Fund, CERV a Erasmus+