Important Grants and Projects
Participation in scientific and research projects supported and funded by grants is of great importance for the Faculty of Law of the CU in Bratislava in terms of the development of its scientific, research and even pedagogical activities.
More information about grants and projects are to be found under following sections:
The Faculty takes part in other grant projects supported by the Agency for Science and Research within the General Call, namely the following ones:
1. Influence of mutual recognition of electronic identification means on public administration electronic services, APVV-17-0403
Responsible solver: doc. Mgr. Ján Škrobák, PhD.
Research Department: 50503 - Administrative Law
The project is focused on the analysis of a current state of legislation governing the mutual recognition of electronic identification means in the legal system of the Slovak Republic and the European Union. The primary aim of the project is to determine problematic issues and evaluate deficiencies considering the applicable law of the legal order of the Slovak Republic. Afterwards, recommendations de lege ferenda will be proposed based on the collected data with the intention to provide more efficient system of electronic means of public administration that would aid not only the citizens of the Slovak Republic, but also citizens from other Member states of the European Union in case of utilizing public administration electronic services of the Slovak Republic via their own national electronic identification means. Secondary aim of the project is to raise awareness among public bodies responsible for identification and authentication of individuals using public administration electronic services and also among providers of public administration electronic services and potential users (natural persons, entrepreneurs and legal persons) of public administration electronic services in the Slovak Republic or in other Member states of the European Union.
2. New Challenges for rights in rem in Slovakia, APVV-18-0199
Responsible solver: prof. Mgr. Miroslav Lysý, PhD.
Research Department: 50501 - Theory of State History and Law
The project titled "New Challenges for rights in rem in Slovakia" represents a comprehensive approach to rights in rem and is especially actual and relevant in the context of the ongoing recodification the civil law in Slovakia. The broad team of researches consists of legal scientists specialized in different spheres of valid Slovak law – civil law, administrative law, labour law and legal informatics – as well as scientists with a theoretical, historical, philosophical or romantic focus. The main objective of the project is to verify the relevance of currently applied doctrinal approaches in the field of rights in rem – in particular the principles of the orga omnes (in relation to the iura in re aliena), numerus clausus and superficies non solo cedit. These approaches have been applied in our legal order for a long time, but have been adopted in the politically turbulent 50s of the previous century under the influence of communist ideology whose regime was defeated twenty-five years ago. Therefore, it is necessary to verify whether they still meet the needs of the current legislation, both in terms of doctrinal and socio-cultural. The methodology of the project combines internal (doctrinal) and external (sociological, historical or philosophical) approaches in order to achieve the project objectives. The 14-members team will deal with the project for three years (by the end of June 2022). The project involves organization of five international scientific seminars and one final conference. There will also be several dozen papers published in domestic and foreign scientific periodicals and conference proceedings. The major output of the project will be the publication of seven scientific monographs, which will be the valuable basis for the recodification commission in the process of drafting a new Civil Code.
3. Historical Development of Private Law Terminology in Slovakia in the Context of Recodification of Slovak Civil Law, APVV-18-0417
Responsible solver: prof. JUDr. Marek Števček, PhD.
Research Department: 50501 - Theory of State History and Law
One of the greatest challenges for the Slovak law of this age presents the recodification of private law and the creation of a new Civil Code. In every civil law (alter. continental law) jurisdiction the Civil Code is one of the fundamental normative sources that significantly influences the overall legal nature of the jurisdiction. The challenge faced by the Commission for Recodification of Private Law under the chairmanship of Professor JUDr. Marek Števček, PhD. who is also the principal investigator of this project, is therefore not trivial and taking into account the general stability of codified law its outcome will influence the character of law in Slovakia for years to come. One of the principal challenges is the question of terminology that is to be used in the new Civil Code. Bearing in mind that one of the ambitions of the recodification is to adopt a legal terminology in Slovakia that would be compatible with the wider civil-law legal culture, the return to the traditional terminology of private law is at least partially unavoidable. The project, which will be the first project of its kind in Slovakia, aims to create terminological source material that could be used for recodification. In the course of project emphasis will not only be placed on the development of the legal and lawyerly language in the past but taking into account the anticipated legislative changes in substantive civil law the project investigators will also comparatively analyse the development in jurisdictions most closely related to Slovakia. The main outcome of the project will be (disregarding the numerous planned studies and monographs) the Lexicon of History of Slovak Private Law Terminology that will be directly usable for the needs of recodification.
4. Legal Regulation of Management of Spent Nuclear Fuel, APVV-18-0534
Responsible solver: prof. JUDr. Mária Srebalová, PhD.
Research Department: 50503 - Administrative Law
5. The efficiency of pre-trial proceedings - research, evaluation, criteria and influence of legislative changes, APVV-19-0102
Responsible solver: prof. JUDr. Jozef Čentéš, PhD.
Research Department: 50506 - Criminal Law
The issue of effectiveness of law, respectively. its individual subsystems, which also include criminal law, and in particular in relation to the procedural sectors of these subsystems, are very broad and are of interest not only to legal theory and practice, to the professional public, but also to the general public. Efficiency is all the more important in relation to criminal law, because it is this sector of law that has the most significant impact on fundamental human rights and freedoms. Several researches have shown that the effectiveness and speed of prosecution is a much better preventive measure than a constant increase in punishment rates. The offender is more discouraged from committing criminal offenses by knowing that he will be penalized for his actions as a severity of a particular sanction. It can be stated that measuring the effectiveness of criminal proceedings is important. To date, no research project has been carried out within the Slovak Republic to assess legislative changes in relation to the effectiveness of criminal proceedings.
6. Effective land consolidation, APVV-19-0494
Responsible solver: prof. JUDr. Marián Vrabko, CSc.
Research Department: 50503 - Administrative Law
The project focuses on solving the issue of land consolidations (hereinafter referred to as "LC"), which represent an important tool in the rational and spatial arrangement of land ownership and are a comprehensive tool for environmental management and the territorial system of ecological stability. The requirement to carry out the LC in the Slovak Republic arises mainly from the need to deal with the consequences of violent collectivization from 1948 to 1989. The purpose is to eliminate the extreme fragmentation of land, strengthen the position of landowners, approach the functional arrangement of land in connection with adaptation measures for negative effects of climate change. In relation to this, in 2019 the Government of the Slovak Republic committed itself to the implementation of the LC in the time horizon of the next 30 years. In order to fulfill this commitment, the current legal framework regulating the LC will need to be reformed in order to run as effectively as possible. The aim of the research team is to identify legal instruments that will help to streamline the process of LC, which lasts almost seven years per cadastral territory. LC is a complex process involving several branches of law, which needs to be rationalized so that the LC can run within the agreed timeframe. The project is planned for three phases. The first phase is focused on the analysis of the current situation and the acquisition of starting data from the legal, economic, but also social aspects of the issue. This is primarily at national level, but international and European legislation will also be examined. The aim of the second phase is to identify and theoretically define solutions and procedures based on the acquired knowledge, which will contribute to streamlining the proceedings on LC. The third phase is focused on synthesizing knowledge about the current state (first phase) and theoretical proposals (second phase). The result will be a comprehensive proposal de lege ferend.
7. The New Legislation of Administrative Punishment, APVV-20-0436
Responsible solver: doc. JUDr. Matej Horvat, PhD.
Research Department: 50503 - Administrative Law
The subject matter of the proposed research project is the preparation of a legislative proposal on a new legal framework of administrative punishment, which will be able to respond the requirements set by international documents, as well as to the current needs of national application practice. The project is divided into four phases. In the first phase, we will assess the various types of administrative offenses in order to define the base for the new legislation. In the second phase, we will set the basic criteria of the new legislation. Within this phase, it will be resolved whether the new legislation will be in one law or in several laws with regard to individual types of administrative offenses. In the third - main - phase, we will create the draft of the new legislation itself. In the fourth final phase, we will present a new comprehensive legislative proposal. In all phases, we plan to publish partial outputs in close cooperation with the Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic and subject them to strict review. We will use mainly scientific conferences and formal and informal meetings with the professionals in the field.
8. Legal and technical aspects of autonomous vehicles introduction, APVV-20-0346
Responsible solver: Dr. h. c. prof. JUDr. Lucia Kurilovská, PhD.
Research Department: 50599 - Other disciplines related to legal sciences
The project focuses on regulatory challenges considering the development and use of autonomous vehicles in practice. The current legislation still provides an inappropriate legal framework for the use of modern autonomous transport elements and significantly hampers the innovations in question. The above regulatory challenges concern, in particular, the areas of administrative law, criminal law, and information technology law in the context of personal data protection and cybersecurity. From a technical point of view, it is necessary to assess the specific possibilities of technologies in the context of proposals for a regulatory framework. The research team, consisting of experts in the above areas of law and technical areas, aims to analyze the current legal situation, identify shortcomings in legislation and application and formulate its legislative proposals that would strengthen the readiness of the Slovak law to test and introduce autonomous vehicles into practice. The unique output of the project will be a comprehensive analysis of the current legal situation regarding possible legislative solutions to the legislation, which will be provided to the subscriber of the outcome and subsequently published.
9. Analysis of the Conceptual and Qualitative Domains of Aesthetic and Moral Emotion, APVV-19-0166
Responsible solver: prof. Mgr. Mgr. Andrej Démuth, PhD.
Research Department: 60299 - Other disciplines related to philological sciences
The project aims to carry out an analysis of aesthetic and moral emotions, compare them and consider the potential for a cognitive explanation of both types of emotions. The main objective of the project is to develop and clarify the concept of aesthetic and moral emotions and to test the hypothesis that aesthetic and moral emotions are, in their essence, the somatic bearers of information that can be analyzed cognitively, enabling a more thorough analysis and identification of the fundamental personal, cultural, evolutionary and historical determinants of both subjective and inter-subjective experience. The implementation of the project will help to create a platform for a broader interdisciplinary scientific and expert discussion on the hermeneutic and cognitive aspects of aesthetic and moral emotions and on the substantiation of cognitive science and philosophical research on emotionality. The project is focused on supporting the integration of the scientific and philosophical approaches used in the examination of aesthetic and moral experience, of some of their specific types, as well as (through the previously mentioned selected types of experience) on a more complex framework of systematic and interdisciplinary research into the subjective and inter-subjective experience.
1. Self-harm: definition, prevalence, influencing factors and implications for clinical interventions, APVV-17-0123 - together with Trnava university in Trnava, Faculty of Arts.
Responsible solver UK: prof. Mgr. Mgr. Andrej Démuth, PhD.
Research Department: 50108 - Developmental Psychology
Intentional self-injury in the adolescent population is so undesirable and out of many (not only medical but also psychological) aspects, it can be understood as a risk behaviour that its exploration by psychologists is necessary. Until now, self-harm has been primarily understood as a symptom present in some psychiatric diagnoses or diagnoses of disharmonic personality development and thus primarily related to the clinical population. Up-to-date finding from abroad as well as the trends revealed in the domestic context, however, point to the fact that there have been changes in prevalence, forms, purposes, and binding to clinical syndromes in the field of self-harm. The recentness of the chosen topic is also reflected in the latest worldwide accepted review of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5 2013), which at the end of the chapter "Conditions for Further Study" refers to the problem of non-suicidal self-injury as to an area requiring intensive research. Presented project plans to execute the basic research providing data on the prevalence of self-harm in the population, on its forms and reasons, on the understanding of the concept by target group itself, on defining this concept in the context of the emergence of new forms and intervening factors, as well as on establishing a relevant methodology able to detect the occurrence and specific context of this phenomenon. An integral part of the project is a subsequent accessibility of the results obtained to the wide range of professionals, the formulation of implications for the clinical intervention and a publication of research results in the relevant scientific and professional forums.
2. Waste and Buildings - Modelling Efficiency of Alternative Opportunities for Public Authorities Cooperation, APVV-20-0076 - together with the Faculty of European Studies and Regional Development of the SUA in Nitra.
Responsible solver UK: JUDr. Matúš Michalovič, PhD.
In Slovakia, the management of municipal waste and small construction waste, which is generated in the municipality, the municipality is responsible according to the Act No. 369/1990 Coll. as amended. However, in the waste management, the county authorities also exercise their competencies. As for competencies in the building sector, each municipality is in accordance with the Act No. 50/1976 Coll. on Spatial Planning and Building Regulations (Building Act) as amended, a building authority, while the activity of the Building Authority is a delegated/ transferred performance of state administration. The proposed procedure for public administration functioning in the Slovak Republic in the waste and construction sector, is to model effective cooperation between administrative bodies of state administration (county offices) and self-government (municipalities). The proposed procedures for the project will be implemented based on data on individual municipalities' performance in the field of waste and building regulations. More effective cooperation between the state administration and local government in waste management competencies will be modeled. In the construction sector, we will model the performance of these competencies provided by county authorities (CO Model). We will perform modeling on data from municipalities and county offices of the Nitra and Košice regions. In the waste sector, we model more effective cooperation between state administration and self-government. In the case of building competencies, which according to the Program Statement of the Government of the Slovak Republic for 2020-2024, are to be transferred from municipal building offices (Model S) to county offices (CO Model), we assume that the CO Model will be more effective than the current model based on municipalities, e.g. performance of construction/ building competencies by joint building authorities.
The Faculty of Law CU also participates in scientific and research projects of the Scientific Grant Agency of Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of SR and Slovak Academy of Sciences (VEGA) and projects targeted at applied research in the area of education system and creative culture of the Cultural and Educational Grant Agency of Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of SR (KEGA). Currently, the Faculty participates in the following projects:
- Cognitive aspects of social and moral emotions
- The crisis of confidence and its Roman canonical solutions
- The rule of law as a value protected in the European supranational area
- Restructuring as a preventive tool to address the threat of bankruptcy
- Real convergency in the European Union: empirical proofs and implications
- Armed conflicts and cyber threats - challenges for the international law of 21st century
- Principles of the criminal substantive law in time - 15 years after the recodification of penal codes
- Means of direct democracy in the conditions of modern towns and cities
- The best interest of a child as a value criterion of the civil law
- Searching and finding of the law according to the Varadin register
- Social protection of disabled persons in employment law and law of social security
- Trans-Identity of Juveniles, Ethical and Legal Aspects related to Informed Consent
- Ensuring the operation of the constitutional bodies of the Slovak Republic during special situations: current possibilities, limits and possible solutions
- Limiting Human Rights in Ordinary and Extraordinary Situations
- Effective System of Free Legal Aid in Civil Matters
- Fundamental reform of succession law – necessity or irrelevance?
- Intelligent text book of tax law
- Internationalization and informatization of education and learning materials within the study field of private international law
On the initiative of the Rector of the CU supported by the Academic Senate of the CU and Scientific Board of the CU, the CU awards the Grants of Comenius University to foster scientific, pedagogical and cultural projects of young teachers, research associates and internal Ph.D. students (all of them have to be less than 30 years old). Annually, a number of projects from the Faculty of Law of the CU is either supported or incorporated into the group of participants from other faculties.
YOUTH UK GRANTS IN BRATISLAVA 2022:
Rector of Charles University in accordance with Art. 38 par. 7 of the Statute of Charles University and with internal regulation no. 23/2017 Directive of the Rector of Charles University Principles of Allocation of Charles University Grants as amended by Supplement no. 21/2021 decided on the allocation of funds to support the solution of scientific grant projects:
1. Project title: Tools to simplify the access of managed entities to the electronic performance of public administration
Project number: UK/448/2022
Project leader: JUDr. Matúš Radosa
Department: Department of Administrative Law and Environmental Law
2. Name of the project: Acquisition of ownership of real estate from a non-owner in the context of the legal regulation of the countries of German legal culture
Project number: UK/4/2022
Project leader: Mgr. Sandra Meňhartová
Department: Department of Civil Law
3. Project title: Protection of rights acquired in good faith with emphasis on the acquisition of real estate from the non-owner
Project number: UK/100/2022
Project leader: Mgr. Vladimir Sedliak
Department: Department of Civil Law
Faculty of Law is beneficiary of multiple international grants, including calls of programme Erasmus +, Jean Monnet Activities, Horizon 2020 and Visegrad Fund.
In this programme there is ongoing succesful project Promoting Work-Based Equality for LGBT+Q+ Youth.
Jean Monnet Activities
Currently there are 3 projects still in progress within Jean Monnet Activities programme:
· Environmental and Climate Change Education for Law Students
· Digital Single Market as a New Dimension in EU Law.
· Rule of Law in European Union
In this grant programme there is ongoing project Simplification of Administrative Procedure.
In addition, in cooperation with Centre for Social Sciences Institute for Legal Studies in Budapest, Faculty of Law is the applicant for a grant for the project The changing legal landscape for investments in the Visegrad Countries.
A couple of the researchers from Faculty of Law is participating as science tutors for SASPRO 2 programme. This programme is the Horizon 2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie COFUND Action based at Slovak Academy of Sciences and its partners Comenius University in Bratislava and Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava.
In the academic year 2012/2013, the Faculty began to implement the following project: Master's Degree Programme in Foreign Language called "Law of European Integration and Globalization" which was co-funded by the European Union from the European Social Fund within the Operational Programme Education (hereinafter only referred to as "LEIG"). The grant was provided by the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the SR based on the agreement on provision of irrecoverable financial contribution No. 004/2012/4.2/OPV (call: OPV-2012/4.2/04-SORO). The project comprised two actions, namely (1) Transfer of innovative forms and methods into the system of legal education in a foreign language based on the needs of well-educated society and (2) Establishment of innovative foreign language education within the existing study programme “Law” in order to enhance international cooperation and mobility. This project was successfully completed in the 2015/2016 academic year.
In December 2013, Comenius University in Bratislava started to implement the following project: University Scientific Park of Comenius University in Bratislava within the Operational Programme Research and Development (call: OPVaV-2012/4.2/08-RO) which is co-funded from the European Regional Development Fund and the state budget of the Slovak Republic where its contributor is the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the SR. The Faculty of Law of the Comenius University in Bratislava by itself takes patronage over the activity 2.8 Societal Challenges for the 21st Century – Legal Challenges. The basis of this activity lies in the fact that the society and possibilities of its further development currently face rather complex challenges. Therefore, the research conducted into the area of social and human sciences, its results and their practical applicability is of greater importance for the society.