Faculty of LawComenius University in Bratislava

Courses in Foreign Languages

Teaching courses in foreign languages were introduced thanks to the implementation of project of the Study Programme in Foreign Language called “Law of European Integration and Globalization”, ITMS, project code: 26140230010, which is co-funded by the European Union from the European Social Fund within the Operational Programme Education.

Modern Education for Knowledgeable Society / The project is co-funded from the European Union funds

Commercial Litigation with Transnational Aspects

CURRICULUM: The aim of the course is to teach students the more advanced aspects of commercial litigation with transnational aspects. The course is divided into three main parts. The first one deals with jurisdiction, the second one with applicable law and the last one with recognition and enforcement of judgments. The course takes a practical approach analyzing relevant case law and giving advice in drafting of the relevant contractual clauses.

Jurisdiction Brussels I, system and hierarchy of the norms; Jurisdiction in contractual claims; Jurisdiction in employment, consumer matters; Applicable law in contract; Applicable law in tort; Recognition and enforcement of judicial decisions.

ECTS: 4

EVALUATION:

Final assessment:100% of grade: written exam (problem question)

LANGUAGE: English

Company Law

CURRICULUM: Students will be familiar with the topic of company law in context of the EU legislation. The goal is to cover the core issues of company law, starting from description of company as such and its formation, following the issues of financing and disclosure requirements. Moreover, the company law course will deal with fundamental changes in a company. Additionally, the course will cover the topic of enforcement of corporate law.

Consolidation of knowledge of the company law in context of the EU legislation - Company law and legal basis of company (company law in general, harmonization process in the EU, types of business entities, main characteristics of the company); Formation of a company (incorporation procedure, constitutional documents, company registers, company name); Financing of a company (equity/debt financing, hybrid instruments); Disclosure (disclosure requirements); Fundamental changes in a company (M&A, transfer of seat, liquidation); Enforcement of corporate law (actio pro socio, derivative actions, action negatoria).

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 60% of grade: written outputs and participation in seminars

Final assessment: 40% of grade: written essay or case study

LANGUAGE: English

Competition Law 1

CURRICULUM: The aim of the course is to give students an overview on the basics of Competition Law, with focus especially on Competition Law of the European Union, and thus provide a solid background for further studies of this subject. Fundamental topics of Competition Law will be included, special attention will be given to merger control regime. Internship at the Antimonopoly Office of the Slovak Republic will be offered to the best students.

Competition law – basic concepts and economics; Anticompetitive behaviour – general overview; Relevant Market Definition, Market Power & Barriers to Entry; Competition law – legislative and institutional framework; Mergers I. (Horizontal); Mergers II. (Vertical); Mergers III. (Conglomerate); Merger control regime  - procedural and regulatory mechanisms; Merger case (Meta-mooting) – first part; Merger case (Meta-mooting) – second part; Merger case (Meta-mooting) – third part.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 10% of grade: active participation during semester and 20% of grade: meta–mooting (active participation in solving of the case)

Final assessment: 70% of grade: final written essay (up to 2000 words)

LANGUAGE: English

Ethical Dilemmas in Legal Practice

CURRICULUM: Students will acquire scholarly and practical knowledge of legal ethics principles and ethical relationships within various legal professions. The course will consist of practical real and hypothetical case studies, comparative analyses of codes of conduct from other countries, international regulation and theory of legal ethics. Students will acquaint themselves with ethical principles of respective legal professions such as conflict of interest, duty of confidentiality, relationships among lawyers and judges, judges and public and prosecutors and public. The course will also provide room for discussion and opinion exchange on ethical dilemmas of attorneys, judges and prosecutors. Students will gain: an overview on how some of the ethical dilemmas were solved by competent disciplinary bodies and ethical commissions in Slovakia and abroad; a space to compare the decisions with their own proposed solutions; an insight into wider picture of ethical rules in connection with the rule of law principles.

As an innovative feature of the course, external experts and professionals will be regularly invited to discuss with students. Upon completion of the course, students will have an insight into ethical regulations; they will develop practical skills to identify ethical problems in legal practice and to independently formulate solutions. They will be thereby better prepared for their future legal practice.

Responsibility and accountability of lawyers, obligations to their clients (competence, communication, confidentiality, no conflicts) and conflicts of interest; Ethics and professional competence of legal professions (attorneys, internal lawyers, judges, prosecutors); Identification and resolution of ethical problems and dilemmas; System of ethical responsibility and accountability of judges in Slovakia and abroad; Culture of legal professions and placing legal professions in the system of democracy and justice; Professional duties, professional rules and codes of conduct; Globalization, digitalization/electronization of law, new challenges for legal professions.

ECTS: 4

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 50% of grade: written assignment in which students may creatively compare ethical regulations, court decisions, decisions of disciplinary bodies and ethical commissions and provide also de lege ferenda solutions

Final assessment: 50% of grade: final written case study, which will evaluate students' ability to identify and solve ethical dilemmas in legal practice

LANGUAGE: English

EU Law 1

CURRICULUM: The aim of the course is to provide the students with systematically overview and orientation in institutional, procedural and substantive law of the EU. The obtained knowledge should be the basis for participation in further courses related to EU Law, which are dedicated to particular areas and which are being taught in relevant departments. 

History of European integration; Institutional law of the EU; Decision-making procedures; System of EU Law; Legal protection within the EU; External relations of the EU; Internal market – fundamental freedoms and competition (Introduction).

ECTS: 6

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 40% of grade

Final assessment: 60% of grade

LANGUAGE: English

Fundamentals of Administrative Law and of Public Administration in Slovak Republic

CURRICULUM: This course will study fundamentals of administrative law and of public administration. It is aimed at a variety of topics, including the legal framework that governs public administration including the structure of public administration in Slovak republic and its activities and at means aimed at ensuring the legality of public administration.

Public administration of the Slovak Republic; Slovak administrative law; Activities of public administration; Liability in public administration; Control of public administration; Enforcement of law in public administration.

ECTS: 4

EVALUATION:

Final assessment: 100% of grade

LANGUAGE: English

International and European Labour Law Legislation

CURRICULUM: The subject focuses on the international labour law legislation (represented by rule-making activities of the United Nations and International Labour Organization) and European labour law legislation (represented by the Council of Europe and European Union legislation). Moreover, it points out the historical background, recent tendencies, mutual linkage, differentiation and other special categories.

International Labour Law; UN (history, rule-making); International Labour Organization (development, conventions, recommendations, the most important representatives, organizational structure, control machinery); European Labour Law; Council of Europe (the most important documents, Convention on the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, European Social Charter, etc.); Labour Law of the EU; Free movement of workers; Prohibition of discrimination and equality of men and women in employment relationships; Working time; Health safety and protection at work; Employment; Special working conditions for women and young workers; Collective Labour Law; Other areas of the EU Labour Law; Practical examples and selected regulations.

ECTS: 4

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 20% of grade: individual work

Final assessment: 80% of grade: written exam

LANGUAGE: English

International Criminal Law

CURRICULUM: The objective of the course is to provide students with an overview of international criminal law. The course aims to provide students with understanding of the basic principles of international criminal law, national and international prosecutions of international crimes (genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and aggression), proceedings of the international criminal courts and tribunals (ICTY, ICTR, ICC), the notion of international justice, protection of victims and witnesses, and the basic principles of international humanitarian law and law of armed conflict.

Nature, history, structure, sources; Introduction to International Humanitarian Law; Jurisdiction, national prosecutions, immunities; Crimes; General principles (Objective element; Subjective element; Individual criminal responsibility; Command responsibility and Joint Criminal Enterprise; Grounds for excluding criminal responsibility - defences); Procedure (Adversarial vs. Inquisitorial; Participants of international criminal trials; Stages of international proceedings). 

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 50% of grade

Final assessment: 50% of grade

LANGUAGE: English

International Private Law

CURRICULUM: Resolving of private relationships with „foreign“ element. Determination of applicable law. Procedural rules for procedures on private relationships with „foreign“ element.

Definition and subject of international private law; Conflict of laws; Special (conflict) rules; Choice of applicable law (law rules); Personal status; Property status; Status of obligations; Status of succession; Labour status; Family status; Jurisdiction; Legal assistance of judicial authorities; Recognition of judgements.

ECTS: 5

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 40% of grade

Final assessment: 60% of grade

LANGUAGE: English

International Trade and Investment Arbitration 1

CURRICULUM: The purpose of this course is to provide a basic overview of the legal issues of arbitration as the most important form of alternative dispute resolution. The course´s aim is to clarify the legal aspects associated with solving commercial disputes in an international background, together with the summary of the advantages and disadvantages of this procedure for dispute resolution against the settlement of disputes before national courts.

The basic terminology and juridical bases of arbitration; Forms of arbitration, ad hoc and institutional arbitration; The arbitration agreement - form, content and efficacy; separability; Arbitrability, the law governing the arbitration agreement and arbitration procedure; Appointment of, challenge to, and removal/resignation of arbitrators; Independence and impartiality of arbitrators; Arbitration and the role of national courts; The role of the seat of arbitration; The law applicable to the substance of the dispute; Arbitral award: form, content, types and delivery; Challenges to award; New York Convention, UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration.

ECTS: 4

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 40% of grade: analysis and presentation of an judicate

Final assessment: 60% of grade: written exam

LANGUAGE: English

Introduction to American Law

CURRICULUM: Basic concepts and institutes of the American legal system; Common law systems; Sources of US law; Federal jurisdiction; National jurisdiction; The structure of the legal system at the state level; The structure of the legal system at the federal level.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION: To be agreed separately with the lecture every year

LANGUAGE: English

Introduction to Slovak Criminal Law

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Final assessment: 100% of grade

LANGUAGE: English

Mergers and Acquisitions

CURRICULUM: Upon completing the subject Mergers and Acquisitions students acquire an overview of current trends in the context of a merger of companies under the present conditions of the business environment. The student understands the whole process of merger, starting with finding the right target, ending with the successful completion of the entire merger process. The student acquires knowledge of the evaluation of companies in the process of merger, incentives leading to a merger and fundamental benefits of such corporate transactions. The student also acquires knowledge of cross-border mergers and the tax context of mergers.

Basic theories of merger and benefits of the merger; Acquisition targets and due diligence; Negotiation - Negotiation of conditions and drafting of the documentation; "Private equity" in M & A – Financing; Leveraged buyout; Impacts of mergers on shareholders, creditors and statutory bodies of the company; State supervision of mergers; "Hostile takeovers“ and means of protection against hostile takeovers; Tax and contributions context of mergers; Cross-border mergers; Analysis of the most important mergers in the last decade (JPMorgan, Procter & Gamble-Gillette); Case study - (e.g. Microsoft-Nokia merger, Slovak Telekom and T-Mobile Slovakia merger).

ECTS: 4

EVALUATION:

Final assessment: 100% of grade: case study

LANGUAGE: English

Negotiation 1

CURRICULUM: After completing the course, students are familiar with the basic concepts of negotiations– bilateral negotiation, multilateral negotiation, coalitions, management of the negotiation process, evaluation of interests of third parties, etc. The course provides students an opportunity to practice the learned know-how and skills in simulated negotiations in lessons. Students will be prepare for negotiations and to analyse them ex post in terms of the outcome, the applied tactics and lessons learned from the respective scenarios.

Negotiation skills (cognitive skills, communication skills, strategic skills, relationship skills); Analysis of the structure and differences between negotiation, mediation, etc.; The fundamental tenets of bilateral and multilateral negotiation; Use of conflict and consensus-based methods in negotiation; Analysis of parties in negotiation; their personality, motivation and interests; Preparation for negotiation, setting of position and alternatives, their changes during negotiation; Coalitions in multilateral negotiation; Creation of value and consensus-building in negotiation; Use of agents in negotiation.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 50% of grade: meta-mooting simulation of negotiations in classes

Final assessment: 50% of grade: written summaries of negotiations – written exam

LANGUAGE: English

Proceedings before the Court of Justice of the European Union

CURRICULUM: Development of the judicial system of the EU; Structure and organization of Courts Union; Powers and competences Courts Union; The various proceedings before the Court of Justice of the EU; Analysis of selected case law of the European Court of Justice.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Final assessment: 100% of grade

LANGUAGE: English

Public International Law 1

CURRICULUM: The purpose of the course is to provide students with basic knowledge of general concepts and principles of public international law, including its interaction with both national law and international relations. The course implies the theoretical approaches, in terms of dynamic nature of current international issues, as well as the application of core international legal norms.

Evolution, function and substantial attributes of public international law, its interaction with both national and European law; Sources, basic principles and nature of international legal norms; Legislation and codification in public international law; States, other subjects and actors; Dispute settlement; International responsibility, liability and sanctions.

ECTS: 6

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment:40% of grade: active participation, assignments

Final assessment: 60% of grade: written exam

LANGUAGE: English

Sports Law

CURRICULUM: The aim of the course is to highlight the theoretical aspects of relationship between sports and law, which are becoming increasingly important in view of the commercialization of sport. This theoretical relationship will be analyzed at international and European level. The course provides students with knowledge on the relationship of the international community and the European Union towards sport. Special attention will be paid to status of international sports bodies, doping and due process of dispute resolution in view of conflict between laws and internal rules of sports.

International law and sport: sources and authorities; EU and sport: sources and authorities; Council of Europe and Sport: Policy, conventions and recommendations; Status of athletes in the EU law and Slovakian law: cases Bosman, Deliège; Free movement of athletes in the EU law: Bosman case, Bernard case; Basic rights and equal treatment of athletes: rules 3 +2, 6 +5, home-grown players rule; Competition Law and Sport - Piau case, multiple ownership of clubs, broadcasting, ticketing, betting; International sports organizations: The Olympic Movement, FIFA, UEFA, FIBA etc.; Antidoping: WADA rules, Meca-Medina case; Settlement of sports disputes: FIFA DRC, FIFA PSC, FIBA Tribunal; Settlement of sports disputes: CAS.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 50% of grade: paper presentation

Final assessment: 50% of grade: final written exam

LANGUAGE: English

Administrative Justice in the Slovak Republic

CURRICULUM: The aim of the course is to obtain knowledge from the area of Administrative Justice in the conditions of Slovak Republic.

Administrative Justice in the system of Justice in the Slovak Republic; Structure and assignments of the Public Administration in the Slovak Republic; Judicial control of decisions of administrative authorities; Judicial control of passivity and unlawful interventions within the Public Administration; Deciding about enforceability of foreign administrative decisions; Special proceedings.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION: 

Continuous assessment: 50% of grade

Final assessment: 50% of grade

LANGUAGE: English

Comparative Constitutional Law

CURRICULUM: Students will get deeper knowledges from the philosophical and justice issues implicated by the study of differing constitutional regimes. The course is organised around themes which are important in all jurisdictions: legitimacy, the role of the courts and the aims of constitutional democracy, impact of globalization. The main aim is to introduce key debates in constitutional theory.

Introduction - basic logistics; Comparative Constitutional Law; Why Judges Use Foreign Law?; Constitutional Lawmaking; Elections;  Presidential v. Parliamentary Systems; States of Emergency; Judicial Review and its Forms; Amendments to Constitutions and Constitutional Courts; Judicial Interactions; International Spill-over of Constitutional Law.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Participation in Discussion: Students are expected to read assigned readings and to participate actively in every session.

Presentations: The students are required to prepare a short presentation that would serve as a springboard to the following discussion. In order to allow all students to actively participate in discussions after presentations, each student prepare a written handout beforehand and send it to students' email account at least two days before seminar.

Evaluation: The final grade will be based on participation in class discussion (25%), presentation (25%) and final exam (50%).

LANGUAGE: English

Competition Law 2

CURRICULUM: The aim of the course is to give students an overview on the basics of Competition Law, with focus especially on Competition Law of European Union, and thus provide a solid background for further studies of this subject. The course is primarily focused on antitrust behaviour (abuse of dominant position, agreements restricting competition). The content is to a limited extend a follow-up to the course “Competition Law 1”, however, attendance of the previous one is in not a precondition. The internships at the Antimonopoly Office of the Slovak Republic will be offered to the best students. 

Abuse of dominant position I. (pricing practices); Abuse of dominant position II. (non-pricing practices); Horizontal (Cartel) Agreements and leniency programs; Vertical agreements; Public policy considerations and state aid; The application of competition rules in the different sectors; Public enforcement; Private enforcement; Cartel case (Meta-mooting) – first part; Cartel case (Meta-mooting) – second part; Cartel case (Meta-mooting) – third part.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 10% of grade: active participation during semester and 20% of grade: meta–mooting (active participation in solving of the case)

Final assessment: 70% of grade: final “open-book” exam; students are allowed to bring and use any written materials, textbooks etc.; 2 out of 6 questions have to be answered

LANGUAGE: English

Ethical Dilemmas in Legal Practice

CURRICULUM: Students will acquire scholarly and practical knowledge of legal ethics principles and ethical relationships within various legal professions. The course will consist of practical real and hypothetical case studies, comparative analyses of codes of conduct from other countries, international regulation and theory of legal ethics. Students will acquaint themselves with ethical principles of respective legal professions such as conflict of interest, duty of confidentiality, relationships among lawyers and judges, judges and public and prosecutors and public. The course will also provide room for discussion and opinion exchange on ethical dilemmas of attorneys, judges and prosecutors. Students will gain: an overview on how some of the ethical dilemmas were solved by competent disciplinary bodies and ethical commissions in Slovakia and abroad; a space to compare the decisions with their own proposed solutions; an insight into wider picture of ethical rules in connection with the rule of law principles.

As an innovative feature of the course, external experts and professionals will be regularly invited to discuss with students. Upon completion of the course, students will have an insight into ethical regulations; they will develop practical skills to identify ethical problems in legal practice and to independently formulate solutions. They will be thereby better prepared for their future legal practice.

Responsibility and accountability of lawyers, obligations to their clients (competence, communication, confidentiality, no conflicts) and conflicts of interest; Ethics and professional competence of legal professions (attorneys, internal lawyers, judges, prosecutors); Identification and resolution of ethical problems and dilemmas; System of ethical responsibility and accountability of judges in Slovakia and abroad; Culture of legal professions and placing legal professions in the system of democracy and justice; Professional duties, professional rules and codes of conduct; Globalization, digitalization/electronization of law, new challenges for legal professions.

ECTS: 4

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 50% of grade: written assignment in which students may creatively compare ethical regulations, court decisions, decisions of disciplinary bodies and ethical commissions and provide also de lege ferenda solutions

Final assessment: 50% of grade: final written case study, which will evaluate students' ability to identify and solve ethical dilemmas in legal practice

LANGUAGE: English

EU Anti-Discrimination Law

CURRICULUM: The course is focused on the anti-discrimination law of the European Union. The aim of the course is to provide students with the overview of the primary and secondary legislation of the EU implementing the principle of equal treatment. The purpose of the course is to provide information on the system of anti-discrimination law of the EU, its fundamental concepts and interpretation of the EU legislation falling within this field by the Court of Justice of the EU. Scope of the course covers the whole anti-discrimination law of the EU with emphasis on the implementation of the principle of equal treatment in matters of employment and occupation and social security. The scope of the course also covers the negotiations of the EU anti-discrimination legislation and its subsequent implementation in the Slovak Republic.

Introduction to EU Anti-discrimination law; Fundamental concepts of the EU Anti-discrimination law (direct discrimination, indirect discrimination, harassment etc.); Principle of equal pay between men and women for the equal work or work of equal value; Principle of equal treatment between men and women as regards access to employment and occupation and working conditions; Principle of equal treatment between men and women in the field of social security (occupational social security schemes); Principle of equal treatment between men and women in the field of social security (statutory social security schemes); Other EU legislation relevant for the implementation of the principle of equal treatment between men and women in the matters of employment and occupation; Principle of equal treatment between men and women as regards access to goods and services; Principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin; Principle of equal treatment in matters of employment and occupation (prohibited grounds: sexual orientation, religion or belief and disability); Principle of equal treatment in matters of employment and occupation (prohibited ground age); Horizontal provisions of the anti-discrimination directives.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION: 

Continuous assessment: 30% of grade: individual work

Final assessment: 70% of grade: oral exam

LANGUAGE: English

EU Environmental Law

CURRICULUM: Students should obtain knowledge of the applicable law of the European Union and the legal aspects of approximation regulation of the Slovak Republic to the EU law, an overview of the current status concerning the achieved level of harmonization of our legal system with the EU law in the field of environmental care.

EU Environmental Policy and Principles of EU Environmental Law; The Nature and Landscape Protection; The Protection of Air and Ozone Layer; The Protection of Water; The Care for Agricultural Land; EU Waste Management; Special Categories of Waste; Environmental Impact Assessments  (EIA); Strategic Impact Assessment (SEA); Integrated pollution prevention; Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy; Use of Genetically Modified Organisms; Environmental Management and Audit, Eco-labeling of Products; Economic Instruments of Environmental Protection.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION: 

Continuous assessment: 50% of grade: presentation

Final assessment: 50% of grade: essay

LANGUAGE: English

EU Law 2

CURRICULUM: The aim of the course is to deepen the knowledge in selected aspects of procedural and substantive law of the EU, which have particular importance for legal practice as well as for awareness about advantages stemming from EU membership to the citizens. The teaching method shall entail case-law studies and elaborating simulated cases to support creative thinking.

Enforcement of EU Law before the Court of Justice and national courts (focus on Slovak proceedings); Free Movement of Workers and EU Citizenship; Freedom of Establishment and Free Movement of the Goods; Enforcement of EU Competition law (decentralization of antitrust proceedings, concentration control and state aid control); Borderline between lawful conduct and a prohibited agreement or an abuse of dominant position; EU Competition rules in relation to other EU policies and norms; Selected EU policies (commercial, energy, environmental etc.); Implementation of EU Law, Comitology; Economic crisis in the context of EU Law and its limits, the future of Economic and Monetary Union.

ECTS: 5

EVALUATION: 

Continuous assessment: 40% of grade

Final assessment: 60% of grade

LANGUAGE: English

European Criminal Law

CURRICULUM: The main objective is to introduce the students the concept of European criminal law, mutual cooperation in criminal matters and its tools. The main focus will be given to emphasize the push and focus of the EU to create one jurisdiction with all necessary legal tools for full and effective enforcement and on the other hand show the obstacles and constitutional limitations of the states determining the delays. The subject will go through the most important decisions and judicial practice of national and European bodies to show the past and contemporary trends in this area.

Mutual cooperation in criminal matters, mutual trust, mutual recognition of judicial decisions, III. pillar, Policy on Justice and criminal matters, European arrest warrant, Human rights, The Charter of EU, Procedural standards of criminal proceedings, Corpus Iuris 2000, European criminal substantive law, Europeization of the Criminal law, Euroepan evidence warrant, Eurojust, Europol, Schengen acquis.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION: 

Final assessment: 100% of grade

LANGUAGE: English

Introduction to Common Law

CURRICULUM: The aim of the course is to provide an introduction to the system of common law in a comparative perspective to the continental system of civil law. Common law forms together with the civil law the Western legal tradition which is prevalent in the modern world. Globalization and transnational transactions between states, corporations and individuals created a need for both systems to interact in a manner unprecedented in the past. This process resulted in a perceived need for civil as well as common law students to familiarize themselves with the fundamental principles of structure and operation of both systems. This is especially true in the context of European Union, where the harmonization of law is facing a challenging task in trying to approximate the common law jurisdiction of England and Wales and the hybrid jurisdiction of Scotland with the civil law jurisdictions of other member states.

The course is designed to be introductory and its scope is limited to providing an overview of basic concepts of English and American constitutional law and various areas of private law which include the core courses of common law – contracts, torts and law of property. Constitutional law will be dealt with to the extent necessary to give the students background knowledge of the framework in which the respective legal systems operate. Private law will be the proper object of attention since it is precisely this area of law where the questions of choice and conflict of laws are most likely to arise.

Course will address both theoretical and practical aspects of common law. It will start with identifying the basic differences between the common and civil law systems and the underlying causes of different internal structures by tracking the development of writs and medieval forms of pleadings. From this point it will proceed to the main concepts of law of contracts, torts and property by examining the controlling precedents and illustrative case law.

General Introduction - Sources of Law, System, Judicial Precedent; Law of Contracts I. – Formation, Elements of Mutual Assent, Doctrine of Consideration; Law of Contracts II. – Discharge and Impossibility; Law of Quasi-Contract – Restitution and Estoppel; Moot Case – Contracts; Law of Torts I. – Intentional torts; Law of Torts II. – Tort of Negligence; Moot Case – Torts; Law of Property I. – Development, Basic Doctrines; Law of Property II. – Estates and Future Interests; Exercises from the Law of Property; Law of Trusts; Law of Inheritance.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION: 

Continuous assessment: 20% of grade: active class participation

Final assessment: 80% of grade: final written exam

LANGUAGE: English

IT Law

CURRICULUM: Students will be able to understand the interaction of legal and extra-legal normative systems, especially the legal treatment of technological development in the area of electronic communications. Student will acquire specific terminology and knowledge of specific institutes in the respective field of legal theory and practice, ability to solve conflicts of legal and extra-legal norms. Student will be also able to analyze the legal texts, internal normative texts, and judicial (arbitration) awards, they will be able to distinguish legal from extra-legal facts and to apply legal norms onto the facts, while applying the norms of several legal disciplines on a cross-disciplinary problem.

Introduction to electronic communications; Relationship between legal and extra-legal standards of electronic communications; International law, EU law, national legal systems and electronic communications; Electronic communications and issues of jurisdiction, conflict of law rules; E-Business: e-commerce and e-banking; E-signature; e-Government and e-Administration; Domain names and cybersquatting; Alternative dispute resolution; Intellectual property protection in the cyberspace; Competition and the Internet; Personal data and privacy protection within the electronic communications; Cybercrime.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 50% of grade: case study

Final assessment: 50% of grade: seminar paper on an approved topic of choice

LANGUAGE: English

Negotiation 2

CURRICULUM: After completing the course, students are familiar with the basic concepts of negotiations– bilateral negotiation, multilateral negotiation, coalitions, management of the negotiation process, evaluation of interests of third parties, etc. The course provides students an opportunity to practice the learned know-how and skills in simulated negotiations in lessons. Students will be prepare for negotiations and to analyze them ex post in terms of the outcome, the applied tactics and lessons learned from the respective scenarios.

Negotiation skills (cognitive skills, communication skills, strategic skills, relationship skills); Analysis of the structure and differences between negotiation, mediation, etc.; The fundamental tenets of bilateral and multilateral negotiation; Use of conflict and consensus-based methods in negotiation; Analysis of parties in negotiation; their personality, motivation and interests; Preparation for negotiation, setting of position and alternatives, their changes during negotiation; Coalitions in multilateral negotiation; Creation of value and consensus-building in negotiation; Use of agents in negotiation.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION: 

Continuous assessment: 50% of grade: meta-mooting simulation of negotiations in classes

Final assessment: 50% of grade: written summaries of negotiations – written exam

LANGUAGE: English

Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition

CURRICULUM: The objective of the course is to provide students with deeper and more practical understanding of public international law and introduce to them the nature and basic principles of the proceedings before the International Court of Justice, the judicial organ of the United Nations. One of the main objectives of the course is the participation of students in Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition. In the course of preparation for the moot court students will analyze the compromise, conduct independent research of the legal issues involved and develop the arguments of both sides to the case, the applicant and the respondent.

Legal analysis of the compromise; Legal research of the issues involved; Preparation of the arguments for both sides; Drafting of written memorials.

The main objective of the course is the participation of students in oral rounds of Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition. In the course of preparation for the competition students will learn about principles of effective argumentation and will practice mooting skills and techniques. Students will also acquire understanding of procedural principles of the proceedings and oral pleadings before the International Court of Justice.

Preparation for oral presentation of the arguments; Practice of mooting techniques; Participation in oral rounds of Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition.

ECTS: 5

EVALUATION: 

Continuous assessment: 30% of grade: activity, analysis of the compromise

Final assessment: 70% of grade: written memorials or preparation for oral rounds

LANGUAGE: English

Public International Law 2

CURRICULUM: The purpose of the course is to provide students with advanced knowledge of general concepts of public international law and of relevant specific issues. By completing the course students will be familiar with international norms related to territory, jurisdiction, treaties, diplomatic and consular intercourse, including multilateral aspect of international organizations, security and humanitarian law. The course intends to develop students` ability to comprehensively asses the current international situation in terms of international legal rules.

Inception, continuity and content of state sovereignty; Territory in international law; Issues of state nationality and human rights protection; International law of treaties; Diplomatic, consular and multilateral intercourse; International law of security; International humanitarian law. 

ECTS: 6

EVALUATION: 

Continuous assessment: 40% of grade: active participation, assignments

Final assessment: 60% of grade: written exam

LANGUAGE: English