Právnická fakultaUniverzita Komenského v Bratislave

Cudzojazyčné predmety

Cudzojayčné predmety vznikli vďaka projektu Cudzojazyčný magisterský študijný program „Law of European Integration and Globalization“, ITMS kód projektu: 26140230010, spolufinancovaného Európskou úniou z Európskeho sociálneho fondu v rámci operačného programu Vzdelávanie. 

Moderné vzdelávanie pre vedomostnú spoločnosť/Projekt je spolufinancovaný zo zdrojov Európskej únie. 

Company Law

CURRICULUM: Students will be familiar with the topic of company law in context of the EU legislation. The goal is to cover the core issues of company law, starting from description of company as such and its formation, following the issues of financing and disclosure requirements. Moreover, the company law course will deal with fundamental changes in a company. Additionally, the course will cover the topic of enforcement of corporate law.

Consolidation of knowledge of the company law in context of the EU legislationCompany law and legal basis of company (company law in general, harmonization process in the EU, types of business entities, main characteristics of the company); Formation of a company (incorporation procedure, constitutional documents, company registers, company name); Financing of a company (equity/debt financing, hybrid instruments); Disclosure (disclosure requirements); Fundamental changes in a company (M&A, transfer of seat, liquidation); Enforcement of corporate law (actio pro socio, derivative actions, action negatoria); Development of writing skills and oral interactionPreparation of short written submissions during the semester; Mastering oral interaction of students with tutors and class-mates; Preparation of final assignment; Case study or written assignment.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 60% of grade: written outputs and participation in seminars

Final assessment: 40% of grade: written essay or case study

LANGUAGE: English

Competition Law 1 (EU Competition Law and State Aid)

CURRICULUM: Upon completion of the course, the student will acquire the basics of competition law, with particular emphasis on European Union competition law, and will build a solid basis for further study of this issue, focusing specifically on anti-competitive behavior of entrepreneurs (abuse of dominant position, agreements restricting competition).

Competition Law - Basic Concept and Economic Theory; Restriction of competition - general overview; Definition of the relevant market, market power, barriers to market entry; Competition Law - Legislative and Institutional Framework; Mergers; Merger Control - Process, Regulatory and Approval Mechanisms; Abuse of dominant position I. (pricing practices); Abuse of a dominant position II. (non-price practices); Horizontal (cartel) agreements and leniency program; Vertical agreements; Competition policy vs. other public interests and state aid; Application of competition law in various sectors; Enforcement of competition law by means of public law; Enforcement of competition law by means of private law.

ECTS: 6

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 30% of grade: activity during seminars, solution of case-studies and legal analyses

Final assessment: 70% of grade: oral examination based on solution of case-study and follow-on discussion

LANGUAGE: English

EU Law 1

CURRICULUM: The aim of the course is to provide the students with systematically overview and orientation in institutional, procedural and substantive law of the EU. The obtained knowledge should be the basis for participation in further courses related to EU Law, which are dedicated to particular areas and which are being taught in relevant departments. 

Division of competences within the EUThe EU Institutional SystemDemocracy in the EUSources and nature of EU law ISources and nature of EU law IILaw-making I - Legislative processLaw-making II - Implementation of EU law, comitologyLaw-making III - legislative techniqueLaw-making IV - Non-legislative decision-making processes; EU Judicial System IThe EU Judicial System IIEU judicial system IIIConclusion of international treatiesSpecific issues of European law;  Implementation and application of European law in national conditions; State Aid (particular topics); Common commercial policy; Proceedings before the EC in competition matters or other specific procedural procedures.

ECTS: 5

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 40% of grade

Final assessment: 60% of grade

LANGUAGE: English

International and European Labour Law and Social Security Law

CURRICULUM: Students will be acquainted with the issues of international and European social law, i.e. international and European labour law as well as international and European social security law. The complex nature of this subject allows students to understand the relationship between the two immanent elements of this subject, which address work and social security issues at international and European level. After passing the subject, the student will be able to apply the standards of international and European social law in practice.

Introduction to international and European labour law and social security law; Institutional and legislative framework of the UN, ILO, Council of Europe and the European Union, competence, legislation and international treaties; Free movement of workers and protection of their social rights; Posting of workers and international private labour law; Anti-Discrimination Law I; Anti-Discrimination Law II; Atypical workLegislation on the working conditions of specific groups; Working time, leave of absence and safety and health at work; Employee protection related to collective redundancies, transfers of businesses and enterprises and insolvency of employers; Social dialogue and collective labour law; Introduction to international and European social security lawEU social security law (system coordination, equal treatment).

ECTS: 4

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 30% of grade

Final assessment: 70% of grade

LANGUAGE: English

International Criminal and Humanitarian Law

CURRICULUM: The objective of the course is to provide students with an overview of international criminal law. The course aims to provide students with understanding of the basic principles of international criminal law, national and international prosecutions of international crimes (genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and aggression), proceedings of the international criminal courts and tribunals (ICTY, ICTR, ICC), the notion of international justice, protection of victims and witnesses, and the basic principles of international humanitarian law and law of armed conflict.

Nature, history, structure, sources; Introduction to International Humanitarian Law; Jurisdiction, national prosecutions, immunities; Crimes; General principles (Objective element; Subjective element; Individual criminal responsibility; Command responsibility and Joint Criminal Enterprise; Grounds for excluding criminal responsibility - defences); Procedure (Adversarial vs. Inquisitorial; Participants of international criminal trials; Stages of international proceedings). 

ECTS: 2

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 50% of grade

Final assessment: 50% of grade

LANGUAGE: English

Introduction to American Law

CURRICULUM: Basic concepts and institutes of the American legal system; Common law systems; Sources of US law; Federal jurisdiction; National jurisdiction; The structure of the legal system at the state level; The structure of the legal system at the federal level.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION: To be agreed separately with the lecture every year

LANGUAGE: English

Introduction to Slovak Criminal Law

CURRICULUM: Students will gain an overview of the basic institutes of substantive criminal law in Slovakia in comparison with selected institutes of Anglo-American law.

Introduction to criminal law, principles of criminal law; Sources of law, interpretation of law; Concept of crime - factual nature of crime / actus reus and mens rea; Conditions of criminal liability; Circumstances precluding the illegality of the act; Developmental stages of the crime; Perpetrator / accomplice and participant in the crime; Sanction system; Legislation in relation to minors; Selected crimes - murder, theft, robbery.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Final assessment: 100% of grade

LANGUAGE: English

Legal Aid Studies

CURRICULUM: 

After this course, the students can:

- recognize and explain the importance of the right to legal aid as a basic human right, the impact of

the EU and the Council of Europe on the concept of the right to legal aid and the difference between

systems of legal aid in criminal and civil matters;

- demonstrate a legal aid system in his or her home country;

- compare different legal aid systems;

- identify and evaluate the shortcomings of the legal aid systems;

- construct the de lege ferenda proposals.

Legal Aid Studies is an elective course opened for 3rd BA home students and visiting students. The central topic is the right to legal aid in civil matters with a focus on international aspects of legal aid and an overview of systems of legal aid around the world. The course consists of three parts: The first part – Interactive Lectures (weeks 1 to 4) - Introduction to the right to legal aid; Legal aid as a basic human right and its international aspects; Legal aid system in the Slovak Republic and eligibility criteria; Legal aid systems around the world. The second part – Essay writing (weeks 5 to 8). The third part – Essay presentations (week 9 to 11). On the background of the topic of access to legal aid, the course aims to enhance students' legal writing and presenting skills.

ECTS: 2

EVALUATION:

Ongoing evaluation: activity during interactive lectures (30 %); essay (40 %); presentation (20 %); peer assessment (10 %).

Scale of assessment (preliminary/final): 100/0

LANGUAGE: English

More information here and here.

Mergers and Acquisitions

CURRICULUM: Upon completing the subject Mergers and Acquisitions students acquire an overview of current trends in the context of a merger of companies under the present conditions of the business environment. The student understands the whole process of merger, starting with finding the right target, ending with the successful completion of the entire merger process. The student acquires knowledge of the evaluation of companies in the process of merger, incentives leading to a merger and fundamental benefits of such corporate transactions. The student also acquires knowledge of cross-border mergers and the tax context of mergers. The student also will learn about cross-border mergers and regulatory and sublease mergers and acquisitions. In the course of the study, the student completes practical research on mergers and acquisitions already carried out, where, on the basis of studies and research, basic theoretical standards are identified and their application is applied to the practical case.

Basic theories of merger and benefits of the merger; Acquisition targets and due diligence; Negotiation - Negotiation of conditions and drafting of the documentation; "Private equity" in M & A – Financing; Leveraged buyout; Impacts of mergers on shareholders, creditors and statutory bodies of the company; "Hostile takeovers - violent takeover" and protection against violent takeover by other companies; Regulatory context of mergers and acquisitions of companies; Compatibility aspects of mergers and acquisitions of commercial companies; The issue of cross-border mergers I; The issue of cross-border mergers II; Case study – (e.g. an Analysis of a Practical Example of Acquisition as a M & A Transaction); Case study – (e.g. an Analysis of a Practical Example of Acquisition as a M & A Transaction).

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 60% of grade

Final assessment: 40% of grade: case study

LANGUAGE: English

Negotiation 1

CURRICULUM: After completing the course, students are familiar with the basic concepts of negotiations– bilateral negotiation, multilateral negotiation, coalitions, management of the negotiation process, evaluation of interests of third parties, etc. The course provides students an opportunity to practice the learned know-how and skills in simulated negotiations in lessons. Students will be prepare for negotiations and to analyse them ex post in terms of the outcome, the applied tactics and lessons learned from the respective scenarios.

Negotiation skills (cognitive skills, communication skills, strategic skills, relationship skills); Analysis of the structure and differences between negotiation, mediation, etc.; The fundamental tenets of bilateral and multilateral negotiation; Use of conflict and consensus-based methods in negotiation; Analysis of parties in negotiation; their personality, motivation and interests; Preparation for negotiation, setting of position and alternatives, their changes during negotiation; Coalitions in multilateral negotiation; Creation of value and consensus-building in negotiation; Use of agents in negotiation.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 50% of grade: meta-mooting simulation of negotiations in classes

Final assessment: 50% of grade: written summaries of negotiations – written exam

LANGUAGE: English

Private International Law 1

CURRICULUM: Students will be able to demonstrate a critical understanding of the Private International Law and its rules, in particular of private international obligations, ‘choice of law provisions’, procedural aspects of claims governed by pre-existing choices of rules, law and jurisdiction.

Private International Law - nature and functions, foreign element; The Sources of Private International Law; Methods of Regulation of Cross-Border Relationships; General part of Conflict-of-Laws rules I; General part of Conflict-of-Laws rules II; General part of Conflict-of-Laws rules III; Legal Personality and Capacity; Family Law I; Family Law II; Family Law III; Succession; Rights in Rem I; Rights in Rem II.

ECTS: 4

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 40% of grade

Final assessment: 60% of grade

LANGUAGE: English

Proceedings before the Court of Justice of the European Union

CURRICULUM: Students will gain knowledge about the organization and functioning of the EU judicial system, detailed knowledge of the various types of proceedings before the Union courts and skills in the field of legal writing, argumentation and the creation of court submissions. In addition, a good knowledge of EU case law procedures will deepen general knowledge and understanding of the system of EU law.

Organization, powers and role of EU courtsAction for breach of contractAction for annulment; Action for failure to act and action for damages; Preliminary proceedings - meaning, function, functioning; Preliminary proceedings - scope and impacts; Special proceedings - interim measures, assessment proceedings under international agreements, disputes in areas of intellectual property; Procedural rules for proceedings before the EU courts - general rules; Rules of procedure for preliminary rulings; Rules of procedure for direct actions; Appeal proceedings.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 100% of grade, of which activity at seminars 20%, solution of assignment of seminar work and its presentation 30%, solution of practical case 50%

LANGUAGE: English

Public International Law 1

CURRICULUM: The purpose of the course is to provide students with basic knowledge of general concepts and principles of public international law, including its interaction with both national law and international relations. The course implies the theoretical approaches, in terms of dynamic nature of current international issues, as well as the application of core international legal norms.

Introduction to international law, historical overview, basic terms, UNRelationship between international law and domestic lawSources of international law I (categories, evolution, codification); Sources of international law II (interrelationship, hierarchy, problems in application)Norms and principles of international law; codification; Subjects of international law (States); Other subjects of international law: nations, insurgence movements, international organizations, non-state actors, individualsSettlement of disputes; Responsibility I (concept, forms, content, legal consequences)Responsibility II (invocation, nationality of claims, counter-measures, circumstances precluding wrongfulness); Enforcement in international law; Use of force in international law, self-defense. 

ECTS: 5

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 40% of grade: active participation, assignments

Final assessment: 60% of grade: written exam

LANGUAGE: English

Comparative Constitutional Law

CURRICULUM: Students will get deeper knowledges from the philosophical and justice issues implicated by the study of differing constitutional regimes. The course is organised around themes which are important in all jurisdictions: legitimacy, the role of the courts and the aims of constitutional democracy, impact of globalization. The main aim is to introduce key debates in constitutional theory.

Introduction - basic logistics; Comparative Constitutional Law; Why Judges Use Foreign Law?; Constitutional Lawmaking; Elections;  Presidential v. Parliamentary Systems; States of Emergency; Judicial Review and its Forms; Amendments to Constitutions and Constitutional Courts; Judicial Interactions; International Spill-over of Constitutional Law.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Participation in Discussion: Students are expected to read assigned readings and to participate actively in every session.

Presentations: The students are required to prepare a short presentation that would serve as a springboard to the following discussion. In order to allow all students to actively participate in discussions after presentations, each student prepare a written handout beforehand and send it to students' email account at least two days before seminar.

Evaluation: The final grade will be based on participation in class discussion (25%), presentation (25%) and final exam (50%).

LANGUAGE: English

Competition Law 2

CURRICULUM: The aim of the course is to give students an overview on the basics of Competition Law, with focus especially on Competition Law of European Union, and thus provide a solid background for further studies of this subject. The course is primarily focused on antitrust behaviour (abuse of dominant position, agreements restricting competition). The content is to a limited extend a follow-up to the course “Competition Law 1”, however, attendance of the previous one is in not a precondition. 

Abuse of dominant position I. (price practices); Abuse of dominant position II. (non-price practices); Horizontal (cartel) agreements and leniency programme; Vertical agreementsCompetition policy vs. other public interests and state aid; Application of competition policy in different sectors; Public law enforcement of competition lawPrivate law enforcement of competition law; Cartel case (Meta-mooting) – first part; Cartel case (Meta-mooting) – second part; Cartel case (Meta-mooting) – third part.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 10% of grade: active participation during semester and 20% of grade: meta–mooting (active participation in solving of the case)

Final assessment: 70% of grade: final “open-book” exam; students are allowed to bring and use any written materials, textbooks etc.; 2 out of 6 questions have to be answered

LANGUAGE: English

Ethical Dilemmas in Legal Practice

CURRICULUM: Students will acquire scholarly and practical knowledge of legal ethics principles and ethical relationships within various legal professions. The course will consist of practical real and hypothetical case studies, comparative analyses of codes of conduct from other countries, international regulation and theory of legal ethics. Students will acquaint themselves with ethical principles of respective legal professions such as conflict of interest, duty of confidentiality, relationships among lawyers and judges, judges and public and prosecutors and public. The course will also provide room for discussion and opinion exchange on ethical dilemmas of attorneys, judges and prosecutors. Students will gain: an overview on how some of the ethical dilemmas were solved by competent disciplinary bodies and ethical commissions in Slovakia and abroad; a space to compare the decisions with their own proposed solutions; an insight into wider picture of ethical rules in connection with the rule of law principles.

As an innovative feature of the course, external experts and professionals will be regularly invited to discuss with students. Upon completion of the course, students will have an insight into ethical regulations; they will develop practical skills to identify ethical problems in legal practice and to independently formulate solutions. They will be thereby better prepared for their future legal practice.

Responsibility and accountability of lawyers, obligations to their clients (competence, communication, confidentiality, no conflicts) and conflicts of interest; Ethics and professional competence of legal professions (attorneys, internal lawyers, judges, prosecutors); Identification and resolution of ethical problems and dilemmas; System of ethical responsibility and accountability of judges in Slovakia and abroad; Culture of legal professions and placing legal professions in the system of democracy and justice; Professional duties, professional rules and codes of conduct; Globalization, digitalization/electronization of law, new challenges for legal professions.

ECTS: 4

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 50% of grade: written assignment in which students may creatively compare ethical regulations, court decisions, decisions of disciplinary bodies and ethical commissions and provide also de lege ferenda solutions

Final assessment: 50% of grade: final written case study, which will evaluate students' ability to identify and solve ethical dilemmas in legal practice

LANGUAGE: English

EU Anti-Discrimination Law

CURRICULUM: The course is focused on the anti-discrimination law of the European Union. The aim of the course is to provide students with the overview of the primary and secondary legislation of the EU implementing the principle of equal treatment. The purpose of the course is to provide information on the system of anti-discrimination law of the EU, its fundamental concepts and interpretation of the EU legislation falling within this field by the Court of Justice of the EU. Scope of the course covers the whole anti-discrimination law of the EU with emphasis on the implementation of the principle of equal treatment in matters of employment and occupation and social security. The scope of the course also covers the negotiations of the EU anti-discrimination legislation and its subsequent implementation in the Slovak Republic.

Introduction to EU Anti-discrimination law; Fundamental concepts of the EU Anti-discrimination law (direct discrimination, indirect discrimination, harassment etc.); Principle of equal pay between men and women for the equal work or work of equal value; Principle of equal treatment between men and women as regards access to employment and occupation and working conditions; Principle of equal treatment between men and women in the field of social security (occupational social security schemes); Principle of equal treatment between men and women in the field of social security (statutory social security schemes); Other EU legislation relevant for the implementation of the principle of equal treatment between men and women in the matters of employment and occupation; Principle of equal treatment between men and women as regards access to goods and services; Principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin; Principle of equal treatment in matters of employment and occupation (prohibited grounds: sexual orientation, religion or belief and disability); Principle of equal treatment in matters of employment and occupation (prohibited ground age); Horizontal provisions of the anti-discrimination directives.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION: 

Continuous assessment: 30% of grade: individual work

Final assessment: 70% of grade: oral exam

LANGUAGE: English

EU Environmental Law

CURRICULUM: Students should obtain knowledge of the applicable law of the European Union and the legal aspects of approximation regulation of the Slovak Republic to the EU law, an overview of the current status concerning the achieved level of harmonization of our legal system with the EU law in the field of environmental care.

EU Environmental Policy and Principles of EU Environmental Law; The Nature and Landscape Protection; The Protection of Air and Ozone Layer; The Protection of Water; The Care for Agricultural Land; EU Waste Management; Special Categories of Waste; Environmental Impact Assessments  (EIA); Strategic Impact Assessment (SEA); Integrated pollution prevention; Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy; Use of Genetically Modified Organisms; Environmental Management and Audit, Eco-labeling of Products; Economic Instruments of Environmental Protection.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION: 

Continuous assessment: 50% of grade: presentation

Final assessment: 50% of grade: essay

LANGUAGE: English

EU Law 2

CURRICULUM: The aim of the course is to deepen the knowledge in selected aspects of procedural and substantive law of the EU, which have particular importance for legal practice as well as for awareness about advantages stemming from EU membership to the citizens. The teaching method shall entail case-law studies and elaborating simulated cases to support creative thinking.

Application and enforcement of EU law before national courts; Citizenship of the EU; EU Internal Market I - Free movement of persons; The EU internal market II - Free movement of workers; EU Internal Market III - Free movement of workers - practical aspects; EU Internal Market IV - Free movement of goods; The EU internal market V - Free movement of services; EU Internal Market VI - Freedom of establishment; EU internal market VII - Free movement of capital; Protection of Competition; Selected EU policies (trade, energy, environmental policy, etc.); Selected EU policies (trade, energy, environment policy, tax policy, education and culture, etc.); EU External Relations; Specific issues of European law;  Implementation and application of European law in national conditions; State Aid (separate topic); Common commercial policy; Proceedings before the EC in competition matters or other specific procedural procedures.

ECTS: 5

EVALUATION: 

Continuous assessment: 40% of grade (written exam, 40 pts)

Final assessment: 60% of grade (oral examination based on solution of case-study and follow-on discussion). Minimal evaluation - 61 % each.

LANGUAGE: English

European Criminal Law

CURRICULUM: The main objective is to introduce the students the concept of European criminal law, mutual cooperation in criminal matters and its tools. The main focus will be given to emphasize the push and focus of the EU to create one jurisdiction with all necessary legal tools for full and effective enforcement and on the other hand show the obstacles and constitutional limitations of the states determining the delays. The subject will go through the most important decisions and judicial practice of national and European bodies to show the past and contemporary trends in this area.

Mutual cooperation in criminal matters, mutual trust, mutual recognition of judicial decisions, III. pillar, Policy on Justice and criminal matters, European arrest warrant, Human rights, The Charter of EU, Procedural standards of criminal proceedings, Corpus Iuris 2000, European criminal substantive law, Europeization of the Criminal law, Euroepan evidence warrant, Eurojust, Europol, Schengen acquis.

ECTS: 2

EVALUATION: 

Final assessment: 100% of grade

LANGUAGE: English

Introduction to Common Law

CURRICULUM: The aim of the course is to provide an introduction to the system of common law in a comparative perspective to the continental system of civil law. Common law forms together with the civil law the Western legal tradition which is prevalent in the modern world. Globalization and transnational transactions between states, corporations and individuals created a need for both systems to interact in a manner unprecedented in the past. This process resulted in a perceived need for civil as well as common law students to familiarize themselves with the fundamental principles of structure and operation of both systems. This is especially true in the context of European Union, where the harmonization of law is facing a challenging task in trying to approximate the common law jurisdiction of England and Wales and the hybrid jurisdiction of Scotland with the civil law jurisdictions of other member states.

The course is designed to be introductory and its scope is limited to providing an overview of basic concepts of English and American constitutional law and various areas of private law which include the core courses of common law – contracts, torts and law of property. Constitutional law will be dealt with to the extent necessary to give the students background knowledge of the framework in which the respective legal systems operate. Private law will be the proper object of attention since it is precisely this area of law where the questions of choice and conflict of laws are most likely to arise.

Course will address both theoretical and practical aspects of common law. It will start with identifying the basic differences between the common and civil law systems and the underlying causes of different internal structures by tracking the development of writs and medieval forms of pleadings. From this point it will proceed to the main concepts of law of contracts, torts and property by examining the controlling precedents and illustrative case law.

General Introduction - Sources of Law, System, Judicial Precedent; Law of Contracts I. – Formation, Elements of Mutual Assent, Doctrine of Consideration; Law of Contracts II. – Discharge and Impossibility; Law of Quasi-Contract – Restitution and Estoppel; Moot Case – Contracts; Law of Torts I. – Intentional torts; Law of Torts II. – Tort of Negligence; Moot Case – Torts; Law of Property I. – Development, Basic Doctrines; Law of Property II. – Estates and Future Interests; Exercises from the Law of Property; Law of Trusts; Law of Inheritance.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION: 

Continuous assessment: 20% of grade: active class participation

Final assessment: 80% of grade: final written exam

LANGUAGE: English

Introduction to Law and Economics

CURRICULUM: What change in the law is an improvement? What price should a person pay for unlawful behavior? What length of a prison sentence is the most efficient? Is there a cap, beyond which all longer sentences bring no utility, only costs? Does a human life has a price tag? How do we calculate a damage for a lost life? Which legal regime prevents damages the best? Can you breach a contract in a way that is beneficial for both parties, or at least brings more utility to one party while not harming the other? Should courts approve the „efficient breach of contract“ based on economic arguments, or should they always enforce the contract? Is common law really more efficient than continental civil law? What legal system of liability should be used to achieve which goal of legislation? What kind of incentives work to make people comply with the rules? Can we use the law to „nudge“ people to make rational choices?

Course „Introduction to Law&Economics“ will bring answers to these and many more questions from Nobel-prize winning economists and leading L&E scholars. It will teach students to think about law in a new way - differently and critically - to use economic arguments in legal debate, to analyze the law, legal regimes and proposals. L&E brings facts and numbers as an argument. The goal of this course is to introduce students to a new interdisciplinary field that is applying economic methods to legal knowledge. It is useful in both public and private law, in legislation and negotiation. The knowledge from this course will help students to strengthen their argumentation and foster creative solutions of legal problems. Employment possibilities: Consulting, legislation, law enforcement, legal departments of private firms, business, regulation of industry and banks, commercial law, academic jobs, compliance and litigation, marketing. 

The Basics of Law&Economics 1The Basics of Law&Economics 2Criminal Law&EconomicsContract Law&EconomicsTort Law&EconomicsCompetition L&ECorporate and Property Law&EconomicsBehavioral Law&Economics 1Behavioral Law&Economics 2Media Law&EconomicsMoot CourtApplication of Law&Economics.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Students read 1-2 compulsory texts, articles or cases for each lecture and combine them with optional supplementary materials (videos, podcasts, documents, articles) of their choice from variety of given options, to write short essay (response paper of 250 words) a week. (45%)

By the end of the course, students prepare a mootcourt – simulated court trial, in which a group of students is representing defendant and another group of students is representing the plaintiff. They are expected to use economic arguments. Each student presents shortly. (10%)

The exam is written, with questions asking students to explain and apply the basic concepts of Law&Economics. The exam tests understanding, not memorized knowledge. (45%)

Student will gain the credits if he or she will earn at least half of the points from the essays, at least half of the points from the exam and at least 51% of total points.

LANGUAGE: English

IT Law (Law and Technology)

CURRICULUM: Students will be able to understand the interaction of legal and extra-legal normative systems, especially the legal treatment of technological development in the area of electronic communications. Student will acquire specific terminology and knowledge of specific institutes in the respective field of legal theory and practice, ability to solve conflicts of legal and extra-legal norms. Student will be also able to analyze the legal texts, internal normative texts, and judicial (arbitration) awards, they will be able to distinguish legal from extra-legal facts and to apply legal norms onto the facts, while applying the norms of several legal disciplines on a cross-disciplinary problem.

Introduction to electronic communications; Relationship between legal and extra-legal standards of electronic communications; International law, EU law, national legal systems and electronic communications; Electronic communications and issues of jurisdiction, conflict of law rules; E-Business: e-commerce and e-banking; E-signature; e-Government and e-Administration; Domain names and cybersquatting; Alternative dispute resolution; Intellectual property protection in the cyberspace; Competition and the Internet; Personal data and privacy protection within the electronic communications; Cybercrime.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION:

Continuous assessment: 50% of grade: case study

Final assessment: 50% of grade: seminar paper on an approved topic of choice

LANGUAGE: English

Legal Aspects of Climate Change

CURRICULUM: At the end of the course students should be able to understand basic principles, terminology and legislation in the field of fight against climate change. The course is aimed at clarifying the phenomenon of climate change and its impacts in various areas of social life. Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to characterize the concept of combating climate change, the most important international, European and national legal instruments and to define the biggest challenges associated with legislation. The subject is interdisciplinary in nature, as it deals with international law, European law and national law in several areas.

Climate change - the biggest global threat of the 21st century, international law and legal principles to combat climate change; Mitigation measures; Adaptation measures; United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change; The Kyoto Protocol and documents adopted by the Conference of the Parties; Paris Agreement; European Union climate law I; European Union climate law II; Climatic engineering (geoengineering); Responsibility for climate change - analysis of court proceedings and decisions; Climate change and human rights; The Slovak Republic in the fight against climate change; Renewable energy sources; Current and projected developments in the fight against climate change.

ECTS: 2

EVALUATION: 

Final assessment: 100% of grade – written exam

LANGUAGE: English

Negotiation 2

CURRICULUM: After completing the course, students are familiar with the basic concepts of negotiations– bilateral negotiation, multilateral negotiation, coalitions, management of the negotiation process, evaluation of interests of third parties, etc. The course provides students an opportunity to practice the learned know-how and skills in simulated negotiations in lessons. Students will be prepare for negotiations and to analyze them ex post in terms of the outcome, the applied tactics and lessons learned from the respective scenarios.

Negotiation skills (cognitive skills, communication skills, strategic skills, relationship skills); Analysis of the structure and differences between negotiation, mediation, etc.; The fundamental tenets of bilateral and multilateral negotiation; Use of conflict and consensus-based methods in negotiation; Analysis of parties in negotiation; their personality, motivation and interests; Preparation for negotiation, setting of position and alternatives, their changes during negotiation; Coalitions in multilateral negotiation; Creation of value and consensus-building in negotiation; Use of agents in negotiation.

ECTS: 3

EVALUATION: 

Continuous assessment: 50% of grade: meta-mooting simulation of negotiations in classes

Final assessment: 50% of grade: written summaries of negotiations – written exam

LANGUAGE: English

Public International Law 2 and International Criminal Law

CURRICULUM: The aim of the course is to deepen the knowledge of the students from the general institutes of public international law and broaden with specific fields. Students acquire basic orientation in norms of international law relating to territorial and international regimes, jurisdiction, treaties, protection of human rights, diplomatic, consular and multilateral relations, international criminal law, international security and international humanitarian law. Desired outcome is to acquire abilities of complex and holistic approach with regard to current international events from the international law perspective.

Regimes in international law, concept of State SovereigntyLaw of the Sea; International Environmental Law; Law of TreatiesUniversal Protection of Human RightsRegional Protection of Human RightsDiplomatic ProtectionLaw of Armed ConflictsInternational Criminal LawDiplomatic and Consular Law; International Security and International OrganizationsDisarmamentCurrent issues in international Law.

ECTS: 5

EVALUATION: 

Continuous assessment: 40% of grade: active participation, assignments

Final assessment: 60% of grade: written exam

LANGUAGE: English

Moot subject - upon availability

If the given capacity allows, students can choose also a moot subject upon the availability during the particular semester.

https://www.flaw.uniba.sk/en/study/masters-degree-programme-in-english/international-moot-courts/

ECTS: 5

LANGUAGE: English