Name of the study programme:
Field of study:
30. Law/ISCED-F 0421 Law
Cycle/level of qualification:
doctor (philosophiae doctor) (PhD.)
Form of study:
Code PraF UK AIS2
Standard length of study:
three years (full-time)/four years (part-time)
Method of study
Graduate of doctoral studies in the civil law study program master the scientific methods of basic and applied research in legal sciences, which serve as a basis for carrying out research and development and creating new scientific knowledge in the field of law, while the graduate is focused on the legal branch of civil law or combination with related legal branches, especially commercial law and labor law. In the given areas, he presents knowledge at the highest level, which is primarily represented by his publishing activity.
The graduate can analyze, synthesize and compare the legal institutes of the legal branch of civil law, as well as related legal branches, with the aim of creating proposals de lege ferenda, in the interest of their more effective application in the legal order. He is able to use all basic scientific methods of research in his scientific work, while he is able to connect not only legal institutes of civil law with each other, but also to think critically and interdisciplinary. At the same time, it can identify the growth of legal institutes implemented from the legal systems of the European Union states into the legal system of the Slovak Republic. The graduate also masters conceptual, analytical and synthesizing knowledge in the field of civil law, with wide application in jurisprudence and practice. With his personal scientific contribution, he is able to shape the further development of civil law on a national and partly international scale. Applies acquired knowledge in practice with knowledge of choosing alternative conceptual or individual solutions.
The graduate applies his own findings of his theoretical analysis and his complex scientific research in solving problems in social relations at the national, EU and international level. Based on his outputs and findings, he can propose, verify and implement new scientific knowledge. Within the legal branch of civil law, he is able to identify its shortcomings, to propose their solution by means of interpretation or law-making methods, and to compare the current state of knowledge in the legal branch of civil law with the legal systems of other states. In a given context, the graduate presents the most advanced and specialized skills and techniques, including the ability to synthesize and evaluate, that are required to solve fundamental problems in the field of research and/or innovation and to extend and redefine existing knowledge or professional practices.
The graduate has independent critical and analytical thinking, which he applies in changing social conditions and is able to independently present the results of research and development in the field of law in the legal branch of civil law, as well as in related legal branches, before the scientific and professional community in the Slovak Republic and abroad .
The graduate acquires the ability to work scientifically and pedagogically at the required methodological level in the field of law, in the legal branch of civil law, as well as in related legal branches, on the basis of which he is prepared to work qualifiedly within the pedagogical process at universities in the given areas.
The graduate acquires the ability to demonstrate considerable authority, innovation, independence, scientific and professional integrity, and assumes a permanent commitment to developing new ideas or practices. The components in question are primarily reflected in the graduate's ability to determine the focus of research and coordinate a team in the scientific field of civil law, as well as in related legal branches, and in regular publication activity, the quality of which corresponds to the standards of the Internal system for ensuring the quality of higher education of the Comenius University in Bratislava (Internal regulation no. 23/2021), as well as the standard of Internal regulation no. 5/2021, which regulates the internal system of quality assurance of higher education under the conditions of the Comenius University in Bratislava, the Faculty of Law and the Standards for the Internal System of Quality Assurance of Higher Education of the Slovak Accreditation Agency for Higher Education (hereinafter all three documents will be referred to as "Quality Standards") and which the graduate presented during his doctoral studies.
The educational goals in the civil law study program are achieved through the following measurable educational outputs in individual parts of the study program, which consists of a teaching part, a scientific part and a pedagogical part.
Teaching part - mainly teaching within profile subjects:
Methodology of science
Methodology of qualitative legal research
Within the above-mentioned subjects, it is ensured that the individual study programs of doctoral studies are strengthened in the study part in a common basis from the point of view of the methodology of science.
Within the Methodology of Science subject, student outputs are presented by the ability to formulate research hypotheses, by deepening skills in the application of methods of analysis and synthesis when writing scientific works, by complying with the requirements of the Quality Standards.
As part of the subject Methodology of qualitative legal research, the student will learn the method of qualitative research, which is in the context of determining the purpose and goals, the collection of data, the process of their analysis up to the writing of the final report, aimed at understanding and interpreting the meanings that the researching persons assigns to their experiences and perceptions . The goal is the search for causes and connections in the worlds of individuals and subsequent inductive prediction leading to answers to research questions.
Basics and application of legal education: methodology of the pedagogical process
By completing the subject, the student acquires core knowledge and relevant information, on the basis of which he is able to formulate the goals and content of their own pedagogical process. They control the organizational forms, didactic principles and teaching methods that are profiling for the pedagogical process, while they are capable of selecting them flexibly and correctly depending on the requirements of the pedagogical process, the taught subject and the target group. Based on their own knowledge, he identifies individual general and special requirements for the preparation of partial parts of the teaching process, emphasizing the specifics of teaching focused on legal education.
Preparation of a dissertation project on civil law
By systematically preparing a dissertation project under the guidance of his supervisor, the student not only learns, but also acquires the ability to apply the basic methods of scientific work and their use in his own research and scientific activity. Under the influence of the supervisor's regular logical and thoughtful mentoring, which appropriately influences the entire project preparation process, after completing the subject, the doctoral student is able to formulate basic scientific questions and scientific hypotheses, which are at the same time a presumed result. The emphasis placed on the active component of research is determined by the student's own creative activity. The aforementioned process is finalized by the development of a dissertation project, in which, based on the previous scientific investigation of the issue and knowledge, he formulates and specifies the basic hypotheses, and at the same time creates a scientific platform for further research in the researched area. The project also includes elaborated sub-goals that condition the achievement of the main goal. The project does not lack discussion, as well as its results. The author's own attitudes and solutions arrived at are logically organized and sufficiently evaluated. At the same time, the student is able to comment on all facts and knowledge in confrontation with the results of research works of other authors or decisions of relevant authorities applying the law, mainly case law. After graduation, the doctoral student is able to present, argue partial results of scientific research and lead a scientific and professional discussion regarding the issue in question.
Substantive civil law
The student obtains educational outputs on selected problems related to the state and roles of civil law in the legal system of the Slovak Republic.
The student obtains educational outputs on selected problems related to the state and roles of civil procedural law in the legal system of the Slovak Republic. Teaching the subject should encourage students' interest in finding current problems in the interpretation and application of law and offering scientifically justified proposals for their solution.
Civil process in the jurisprudence of the Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic, the Constitutional Court of the Slovak Republic and the European Court of Human Rights
The student obtains educational outputs on selected important jurisprudence of the Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic, the Constitutional Court of the Slovak Republic and the European Court of Human Rights and acquires argumentative skills.
Academic writing in civil process
The student acquires skills in presenting the results of his scientific research and develops his argumentative skills.
Private rights to intangible assets
The student acquires proper legal orientation in the issues of Slovak personality rights, personal law and Slovak, European and international intellectual property law.
The minimum scope of compulsory optional scientific activity results from the Directive of the Dean of Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Law, which regulates the evaluation of selected scientific activities of university teachers, researchers and doctoral students at Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Law (Internal Regulation No. 1/2018). Pursuant to Article 6(1) of Internal Regulation no. 1/2018 the faculty of law annually prepares an overall assessment of the scientific and professional activity of the persons listed in Art. 1, including doctoral students. During the evaluated period (1 calendar year), the doctoral student of the faculty of law is obliged to achieve an evaluation of at least 30 points for the publication activity in the case of a full-time doctoral student, and at least 20 points in the case of a part-time doctoral student. A full-time doctoral student must achieve at least 35 points in the overall evaluation for the evaluated period (1 calendar year). A doctoral student in an external form of study is obliged to achieve at least 25 points in the overall evaluation for the evaluated period (1 calendar year). The specific number of points for individual categories follows from Art. 2-5 of Internal Regulation no. 1/2018: https://www.flaw.uniba.sk/fileadmin/praf/O_fakulte/Dokumenty/VP_2018/VP_2018_01.pdf
The quality of the publication activity of doctoral students, especially in the context of the Quality Standards, is evaluated annually by the Council for the Quality of Science and Doctoral Studies of the Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Law.
The doctoral student, at the beginning also under the supervision of their supervisor, applies and improves the skills in teaching that he previously acquired through their own observation in the mentioned subjects and within the profile subject Basics and application of legal education: methodology of the pedagogical process.
- assistant professors and scientific workers at universities and other scientific institutions
- judges of the supreme courts,
- senior staff of analytical departments at the highest courts, senior staff in central state administration bodies and in European structures
- advocacy (head of the work team)
Required skills and requirements for admission to study:
Conditions for admission to study at the Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Law, according to § 57 of Act no. 131/2002 Coll. on Higher Education Institutions and on Amendments to Certain Acts as amended and information pursuant to Art. 3 par. 5 of the rules of the admission procedure at the Comenius University in Bratislava (internal regulation No. 4/2021):
Procedures for admission to study:
Rules of the admission procedure at Comenius University (internal regulation 4/2021)
Members of the Study Programme Council:
|prof. JUDr. Svetlana Ficová, CSc.||VUPCH||VTČ|
|Co-guarantors:||prof. JUDr. Romana Smyčková, PhD.||VUPCH||VTČ|
|doc. JUDr. Alexandra Löwy, PhD.||VUPCH||VTČ|
|doc. Mgr. Lenka Dufalová, PhD.||VUPCH||VTČ|
|doc. Mgr. Martin Daňko, PhD.||VUPCH||VTČ|
|Students:||Mgr. Laura Fotopulosová|
JUDr. František Sedlačko – SEDLAČKO & PARTNERS, s.r.o.
Meetings of the Study Program Council:
Minutes (in Slovak):
discussion of the graduate profile proposal
evaluation of the study programme for the year 2022/2023
discussing and approving updates to curriculum descriptions and the internal evaluation report
Accreditation Council of the CU, FLAW
Accreditation Council of the CU
Framework agreement on cooperation with an external educational institution: Agreement
Descriptions of study programs and internal evaluation reports:
Study program code CRŠ/PraF UK AIS2: