Faculty of LawComenius University Bratislava

Roman Law

Information on study programme

Name of the study programme:

Roman Law

Field of study:

30. Law/ISCED-F 0421 Law

Cycle/level of qualification:

third/ISCED 8

Academic title:

doctor (philosophiae doctor) (PhD.)


Slovak, English

Form of study:




Code PraF UK AIS2


Standard length of study:

three years (full-time)/four years (part-time)

Method of study

attendance method

Graduate profile and educational goals

A graduate of the doctoral studies in the Roman law study program masters the scientific methods of basic and applied research in legal sciences, which serve as a basis for carrying out research and development and creating new scientific knowledge in the field of law, while the graduate is focused on the legal branch of Roman law or its combination with related legal branches, especially with civil law, commercial law and canon law; in addition, with legal philosophy, comparative jurisprudence, with the theory of law and with the history of the state and law. In the given areas, he presents knowledge at the highest level, which is primarily represented by his publishing activity.


The graduate can analyze, synthesize and compare the legal institutes of the legal branch of Roman law, as well as related legal branches. He is able to use all basic scientific research methods in his scientific work, while he is able to connect not only the legal institutes of Roman law with each other, but also to think critically and interdisciplinary. The graduate also masters conceptual, analytical and synthesizing knowledge in the field of Roman law, with wide application in jurisprudence and practice. With his personal scientific contribution, he is able to shape the further development of Roman law on a national and partly international scale. Applies acquired knowledge in practice with knowledge of choosing alternative conceptual or individual solutions.

The graduate applies his own findings of his theoretical analysis and his complex scientific research in solving problems in social relations at the national, EU and international level. In a given context, the graduate presents the most advanced and specialized skills and techniques, including the ability to synthesize and evaluate, that are required to solve fundamental problems in the field of research and/or innovation and to extend and redefine existing knowledge or professional practices.

The graduate has independent critical and analytical thinking, which he applies in changing social conditions and is able to independently present the results of research and development in the field of law in the legal branch of Roman law, as well as in related legal branches, before the scientific and professional community in the Slovak Republic and abroad .

The graduate acquires the ability to work scientifically and pedagogically at the required methodological level in the field of law, in the legal branch of Roman law, as well as in related legal branches, on the basis of which he is prepared to work qualifiedly within the pedagogical process at universities in the given areas.

The graduate acquires the ability to demonstrate considerable authority, innovation, independence, scientific and professional integrity, and assumes a permanent commitment to developing new ideas or practices. The components in question are primarily reflected in the graduate's ability to determine the focus of research and coordinate a team in the scientific field of Roman law, as well as in related legal branches, and in regular publication activity, the quality of which corresponds to the standards of the Internal system for ensuring the quality of higher education of the Comenius University in Bratislava (Internal regulation no. 23/2021), as well as the standard of Internal regulation no. 5/2021, which regulates the internal system of quality assurance of higher education under the conditions of the Comenius University in Bratislava, the Faculty of Law and the Standards for the Internal System of Quality Assurance of Higher Education of the Slovak Accreditation Agency for Higher Education (hereinafter all three documents will be referred to as "Quality Standards") and which the graduate presented during his doctoral studies.

The educational goals in the study program of Roman law are achieved through the following measurable educational outputs in individual parts of the study program, which consists of a teaching part, a scientific part and a pedagogical part.

Teaching part - mainly teaching within profile subjects:

Methodology of science

Methodology of qualitative legal research

Within the above-mentioned subjects, it is ensured that the individual study programs of doctoral studies are strengthened in the study part in a common basis from the point of view of the methodology of science.

Within the Methodology of Science subject, student outputs are presented by the ability to formulate research hypotheses, by deepening skills in the application of methods of analysis and synthesis when writing scientific works, by complying with the requirements of the Quality Standards.

As part of the subject Methodology of qualitative legal research, the student will learn the method of qualitative research, which is in the context of determining the purpose and goals, the collection of data, the process of their analysis up to the writing of the final report, aimed at understanding and interpreting the meanings that the researching persons assigns to their experiences and perceptions . The goal is the search for causes and connections in the worlds of individuals and subsequent inductive prediction leading to answers to research questions.

Basics and application of legal education: methodology of the pedagogical process


By completing the subject, the student acquires core knowledge and relevant information, on the basis of which he is able to formulate the goals and content of their own pedagogical process. They control the organizational forms, didactic principles and teaching methods that are profiling for the pedagogical process, while they are capable of selecting them flexibly and correctly depending on the requirements of the pedagogical process, the taught subject and the target group. Based on their own knowledge, he identifies individual general and special requirements for the preparation of partial parts of the teaching process, emphasizing the specifics of teaching focused on legal education. 


Selected questions from Roman public law

The student is provided with a stable base, on the basis of which they could further scientifically examine the institutions of Roman public law in their mutual context. At the same time, acquiring knowledge about the institutions of the Roman state and public law helps students better navigate Roman history and better understand the periodization of private law. After completing the course, students are able to scientifically research the institutes of Roman public law.


Selected scientific aspects of Roman private law

The subject deepens the students' previous knowledge of individual legal institutes, but at the same time it is also intended to inspire and move them towards an independent solution of the scientific problems raised, from the analysis of some cases preserved in the fragments of Roman lawyers to the problem of exegesis of a certain source of law and verification of its authenticity and relevance. Its goal is to provide students with a platform for their own research in legal Roman studies, but at the same time to acquaint them with the latest trends and developments in the field of Roman law.


The reception of Roman law and its influence on the current legal order

The task of this course is to acquaint students with the influence of Roman law on the process of codification of modern major civil codes (CC, ABGB, BGB), including the position of Roman law in Slovakia and the identification of Roman law elements in the current civil law valid in Slovakia. In the context of these goals, through this subject, the student will expand his previous knowledge in the field of reception of Roman law, acquire the ability to scientifically work with the texts of reception schools, but at the same time will be familiar with the Roman legal foundations of private law valid today.


Practical problems in the development of the Roman civil process

The subject contributes to the deepening of knowledge about the Roman civil process and its historical development. It will provide students with an analysis of legislative, formulaic and cognitive processes with an emphasis on the reason and characteristics of procedural changes.


Exegesis and interpretation of texts from Roman family law

The goals of the course are not limited to familiarizing yourself with the text of the sources of Roman law dealing with the issue of Roman family law (among them, eminent attention is paid in particular to the reading and interpretation of the texts of the Justinian Codification), but also to the confrontation of students with different opinions on their interpretation, the implementation of a systematic interpretation and, last but not least, reflection on specifically raised cases and their solution.



Scientific part

The minimum scope of compulsory optional scientific activity results from the Directive of the Dean of Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Law, which regulates the evaluation of selected scientific activities of university teachers, researchers and doctoral students at Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Law (Internal Regulation No. 1/2018). Pursuant to Article 6(1) of Internal Regulation no. 1/2018 the faculty of law annually prepares an overall assessment of the scientific and professional activity of the persons listed in Art. 1, including doctoral students. During the evaluated period (1 calendar year), the doctoral student of the faculty of law is obliged to achieve an evaluation of at least 30 points for the publication activity in the case of a full-time doctoral student, and at least 20 points in the case of a part-time doctoral student. A full-time doctoral student must achieve at least 35 points in the overall evaluation for the evaluated period (1 calendar year). A doctoral student in an external form of study is obliged to achieve at least 25 points in the overall evaluation for the evaluated period (1 calendar year). The specific number of points for individual categories follows from Art. 2-5 of Internal Regulation no. 1/2018: https://www.flaw.uniba.sk/fileadmin/praf/O_fakulte/Dokumenty/VP_2018/VP_2018_01.pdf

The quality of the publication activity of doctoral students, especially in the context of the Quality Standards, is evaluated annually by the Council for the Quality of Science and Doctoral Studies of the Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Law.


Pedagogical part

The doctoral student, at the beginning also under the supervision of their supervisor, applies and improves the skills in teaching that he previously acquired through their own observation in the mentioned subjects and within the profile subject Basics and application of legal education: methodology of the pedagogical process. 



Employment of graduates

  • assistant professors and scientific workers at universities and other scientific institutions
  • judges of the supreme courts,
  • senior staff of analytical departments at the highest courts, senior staff in central state administration bodies and in European structures
  • advocacy (head of the work team)



Admission requirements and procedure

Required skills and requirements for admission to study:

Conditions for admission to study at the Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Law, according to § 57 of Act no. 131/2002 Coll. on Higher Education Institutions and on Amendments to Certain Acts as amended and information pursuant to Art. 3 par. 5 of the rules of the admission procedure at the Comenius University in Bratislava (internal regulation No. 4/2021):


Procedures for admission to study:

Rules of the admission procedure at Comenius University (internal regulation 4/2021)


Recommended study plan and information sheets


Recommended study plan:





Information sheets:






Recommended study plan:





Information sheets:




Study Programme Council

 Members of the Study Programme Council:



prof. JUDr. Matúš Nemec, PhD.VUPCHVTČ
Co-guarantors:prof. doc. PaedDr. JCDr. Róbert Brtko, CSc. VUPCHVTČ
doc. Mgr. et Mgr. Matej Mlkvý, PhD., LL.M. VUPCHVTČ
doc. JUDr. Zuzana Mlkvá Illýová, PhD. VUPCHVTČ
doc. JUDr. Martin Gregor, PhD. VUPCHVTČ
Member:doc. JUDr. Martin Križan, PhD.
Students: Mgr. Valéria Terézia Dančiaková, PhD. 
External member: Mgr. Peter Mach, PhD. – Najvyšší správny súd SR



Meetings of the Study Program Council:



Minutes (in Slovak):


discussion of the graduate profile proposal 



evaluation of the study programme for the year 2022/2023 



discussing and approving updates to curriculum descriptions and the internal evaluation report 







Accreditation Council of the CU, FLAW



Accreditation Council of the CU



Framework agreement on cooperation with an external educational institution: Agreement

Descriptions of study programs and internal evaluation reports:

Study program code CRŠ/PraF UK AIS2: